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Understanding the fuel savings potential from deploying hybrid cars in China


  • Saxena, Samveg
  • Phadke, Amol
  • Gopal, Anand


The majority of transportation-related CO2 growth will come from the developing world with projections suggesting that global CO2 emissions from transportation will at least double by 2050. Given that China will be a leading contributor to this growth in transportation-related CO2, this paper examines the impact of deploying different types of hybrid cars in China to offset some of the growth in CO2 emissions arising from rapidly growing vehicle sales.

Suggested Citation

  • Saxena, Samveg & Phadke, Amol & Gopal, Anand, 2014. "Understanding the fuel savings potential from deploying hybrid cars in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1127-1133.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:113:y:2014:i:c:p:1127-1133
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.057

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Catherine Wolfram & Orie Shelef & Paul Gertler, 2012. "How Will Energy Demand Develop in the Developing World?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 26(1), pages 119-138, Winter.
    2. Lindfeldt, Erik G. & Saxe, Maria & Magnusson, Mimmi & Mohseni, Farzad, 2010. "Strategies for a road transport system based on renewable resources - The case of an import-independent Sweden in 2025," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(6), pages 1836-1845, June.
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    5. Joyce Dargay & Dermot Gately & Martin Sommer, 2007. "Vehicle Ownership and Income Growth, Worldwide: 1960-2030," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4), pages 143-170.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yuan, Xinmei & Li, Lili & Gou, Huadong & Dong, Tingting, 2015. "Energy and environmental impact of battery electric vehicle range in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 75-84.
    2. Qu Zhao, 2018. "Electromobility research in Germany and China: structural differences," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(1), pages 473-493, October.
    3. Björnsson, Lars-Henrik & Karlsson, Sten, 2016. "The potential for brake energy regeneration under Swedish conditions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 75-84.
    4. González Palencia, Juan C. & Sakamaki, Tsukasa & Araki, Mikiya & Shiga, Seiichi, 2015. "Impact of powertrain electrification, vehicle size reduction and lightweight materials substitution on energy use, CO2 emissions and cost of a passenger light-duty vehicle fleet," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(P2), pages 1489-1504.
    5. Babu, Ajay & Ashok, S., 2015. "Improved parallel mild hybrids for urban roads," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C), pages 276-283.
    6. Liu, Liwei & Zong, Haijing & Zhao, Erdong & Chen, Chuxiang & Wang, Jianzhou, 2014. "Can China realize its carbon emission reduction goal in 2020: From the perspective of thermal power development," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 199-212.
    7. Zhang, Lei & Qin, Quande, 2018. "China’s new energy vehicle policies: Evolution, comparison and recommendation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 57-72.
    8. Yi, Chenyu & Epureanu, Bogdan I. & Hong, Sung-Kwon & Ge, Tony & Yang, Xiao Guang, 2016. "Modeling, control, and performance of a novel architecture of hybrid electric powertrain system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 454-467.
    9. Zheng, Bo & Zhang, Qiang & Borken-Kleefeld, Jens & Huo, Hong & Guan, Dabo & Klimont, Zbigniew & Peters, Glen P. & He, Kebin, 2015. "How will greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles be constrained in China around 2030?," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 230-240.
    10. Zou, Yuan & Wei, Shouyang & Sun, Fengchun & Hu, Xiaosong & Shiao, Yaojung, 2016. "Large-scale deployment of electric taxis in Beijing: A real-world analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 25-39.
    11. Palmer, Kate & Tate, James E. & Wadud, Zia & Nellthorp, John, 2018. "Total cost of ownership and market share for hybrid and electric vehicles in the UK, US and Japan," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 209(C), pages 108-119.
    12. Meinert, M. & Melzer, M. & Kamburow, C. & Palacin, R. & Leska, M. & Aschemann, H., 2015. "Benefits of hybridisation of diesel driven rail vehicles: Energy management strategies and life-cycle costs appraisal," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 897-904.
    13. Saxena, Samveg & Gopal, Anand & Phadke, Amol, 2014. "Electrical consumption of two-, three- and four-wheel light-duty electric vehicles in India," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 582-590.
    14. Zhang, Shaojun & Wu, Ye & Hu, Jingnan & Huang, Ruikun & Zhou, Yu & Bao, Xiaofeng & Fu, Lixin & Hao, Jiming, 2014. "Can Euro V heavy-duty diesel engines, diesel hybrid and alternative fuel technologies mitigate NOX emissions? New evidence from on-road tests of buses in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 118-126.
    15. Finesso, Roberto & Spessa, Ezio & Venditti, Mattia, 2016. "Cost-optimized design of a dual-mode diesel parallel hybrid electric vehicle for several driving missions and market scenarios," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 366-383.
    16. Roberto Finesso & Daniela Misul & Ezio Spessa & Mattia Venditti, 2018. "Optimal Design of Power-Split HEVs Based on Total Cost of Ownership and CO 2 Emission Minimization," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(7), pages 1-28, July.
    17. Saxena, Samveg & MacDonald, Jason & Moura, Scott, 2015. "Charging ahead on the transition to electric vehicles with standard 120V wall outlets," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 720-728.
    18. Finesso, Roberto & Spessa, Ezio & Venditti, Mattia, 2014. "Layout design and energetic analysis of a complex diesel parallel hybrid electric vehicle," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 573-588.
    19. Baodi Zhang & Fuyuan Yang & Lan Teng & Minggao Ouyang & Kunfang Guo & Weifeng Li & Jiuyu Du, 2019. "Comparative Analysis of Technical Route and Market Development for Light-Duty PHEV in China and the US," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(19), pages 1-23, September.
    20. Sun, Zuo-Yu & Li, Guo-Xiu, 2015. "On reliability and flexibility of sustainable energy application route for vehicles in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 830-846.


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