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Access to Modern Energy: a Review of Impact Evaluations

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  • Bonan, Jacopo
  • Pareglio, Stefano
  • Tavoni, Massimo

Abstract

Universal access to modern energy services, in terms of access to electricity and to modern cooking facilities, has been recognized as fundamental challenge for development and is likely to be included in the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Despite a strong praise for action and several programs at both national and international level, very few impact evaluation studies try to shed light on the causal relationship between access to energy and development, by also allowing decision makers to rigorously assess cost-effectiveness and efficiency of policies and programs. This work attempts to review the literature on existing impact evaluation of access to electricity and modern cooking facilities. For access to electricity we consider as outcomes labour markets, time allocation, household welfare (consumption, income, schooling and health) and business. For access to improved cookstoves, we assess impacts on household welfare. The reviewed literature highlights a significant causal impact of electricity access on important metrics of wellbeing, but more mixed evidence regarding clean cookstove. Finally, we also review the barriers and drivers of access to modern energy services identified by most recent impact evaluation studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonan, Jacopo & Pareglio, Stefano & Tavoni, Massimo, 2014. "Access to Modern Energy: a Review of Impact Evaluations," Energy: Resources and Markets 189697, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:feemer:189697
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.189697
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    1. Cheng-Feng Wu & Shian-Chang Huang & Chei-Chang Chiou & Tsangyao Chang & Yung-Chih Chen, 2022. "The Relationship Between Economic Growth and Electricity Consumption: Bootstrap ARDL Test with a Fourier Function and Machine Learning Approach," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 60(4), pages 1197-1220, December.
    2. Richmond, Jennifer & Urpelainen, Johannes, 2019. "Electrification and appliance ownership over time: Evidence from rural India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    3. Jean-Claude Berthélemy & Arnaud Millien, 2018. "Impact of Decentralized Electrification Projects on Sustainable Development: A Meta-Analysis," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01922517, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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