Interlinked credit and farm intensification: evidence from Kenya
This paper addresses the potential for interlinked credit/input/output marketing arrangements for cash crops to promote food crop intensification. Using panel survey data from Kenya, we estimate a household fixed-effects model of fertilizer use per hectare of food crops. Results indicate that households engaging in interlinked marketing programs for selected cash crops applied considerably more fertilizer on other crops (primarily cereals) not directly purchased by the cash crop trading firm. These findings suggest that, in addition to the direct stimulus that interlinked cash crop marketing arrangements can have on small farmer incomes, these institutional arrangements may provide spillover benefits for the productivity of farmers' other activities such as food cropping.
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