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Importancia de los términos de intercambio en la economía colombiana

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  • Oviedo Gómez, Andrés Felipe
  • Sierra, Lya Paola

Abstract

Dado que la mayoría de las exportaciones de Colombia consisten en materias primas, cuyos precios determinan directamente los términos de intercambio, se hace necesario un análisis detallado de los impactos de esa variable en la economía. En este trabajo se analizan los efectos de los choques en los términos de intercambio sobre la producción, la inversión, el consumo, la balanza comercial, el tipo de cambio real y la inflación en Colombia. Se emplea una extensa base de datos, compuesta por 129 variables relacionadas con la actividad económica correspondientes al período 2001-2016, y se estima un modelo FAVAR. Los resultados sugieren que los choques en los términos de intercambio generan efectos significativos sobre la economía colombiana, ya que explican aproximadamente un 5% de la variación de la actividad económica del país, un 8% de la inversión, un 6% de la balanza comercial y un 1% del movimiento en el tipo de cambio real.

Suggested Citation

  • Oviedo Gómez, Andrés Felipe & Sierra, Lya Paola, 2019. "Importancia de los términos de intercambio en la economía colombiana," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:44740
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    RELACION DE INTERCAMBIO; COMERCIO INTERNACIONAL; CONDICIONES ECONOMICAS; DESARROLLO ECONOMICO; MODELOS ECONOMETRICOS; TERMS OF TRADE; INTERNATIONAL TRADE; ECONOMIC CONDITIONS; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; ECONOMETRIC MODELS;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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