IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ecr/col070/44740.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Importancia de los términos de intercambio en la economía colombiana

Author

Listed:
  • Oviedo Gómez, Andrés Felipe
  • Sierra, Lya Paola

Abstract

Dado que la mayoría de las exportaciones de Colombia consisten en materias primas, cuyos precios determinan directamente los términos de intercambio, se hace necesario un análisis detallado de los impactos de esa variable en la economía. En este trabajo se analizan los efectos de los choques en los términos de intercambio sobre la producción, la inversión, el consumo, la balanza comercial, el tipo de cambio real y la inflación en Colombia. Se emplea una extensa base de datos, compuesta por 129 variables relacionadas con la actividad económica correspondientes al período 2001-2016, y se estima un modelo FAVAR. Los resultados sugieren que los choques en los términos de intercambio generan efectos significativos sobre la economía colombiana, ya que explican aproximadamente un 5% de la variación de la actividad económica del país, un 8% de la inversión, un 6% de la balanza comercial y un 1% del movimiento en el tipo de cambio real.

Suggested Citation

  • Oviedo Gómez, Andrés Felipe & Sierra, Lya Paola, 2019. "Importancia de los términos de intercambio en la economía colombiana," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:44740
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/44740
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Carolina Arteaga & Joan Granados & Jair Ojeda, 2013. "El comportamiento del tipo de cambio real en Colombia: ¿explicado por sus fundamentales?," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 31(72), pages 1-17, December.
    2. Mendoza, Enrique G, 1995. "The Terms of Trade, the Real Exchange Rate, and Economic Fluctuations," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 36(1), pages 101-137, February.
    3. Chari, V.V. & Kehoe, Patrick J. & McGrattan, Ellen R., 2008. "Are structural VARs with long-run restrictions useful in developing business cycle theory?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1337-1352, November.
    4. Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2015. "How Important Are Terms Of Trade Shocks?," CEPR Discussion Papers 10655, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2002. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 191-221, January.
    6. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2005. "Implications of Dynamic Factor Models for VAR Analysis," NBER Working Papers 11467, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Juan Carlos Parra Alvarez, 2008. "Hechos Estilizados de la Economía Colombiana:Fundamentos Empíricos para la Construcción y Evaluación de un Modelo DSGE," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 004602, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    8. Ahmed, Shaghil, 2003. "Sources of economic fluctuations in Latin America and implications for choice of exchange rate regimes," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 181-202, October.
    9. Pesaran, H. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 1998. "Generalized impulse response analysis in linear multivariate models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 17-29, January.
    10. Haroon Mumtaz & Paolo Surico, 2009. "The Transmission of International Shocks: A Factor‐Augmented VAR Approach," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(s1), pages 71-100, February.
    11. Haroon Mumtaz & Paolo Surico, 2009. "The Transmission of International Shocks: A Factor‐Augmented VAR Approach," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(s1), pages 71-100, February.
    12. Sierra, Lya Paola & Manrique L., Karina, 2014. "Impacto del tipo de cambio real en los sectores industriales de Colombia: una primera aproximación," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    13. Stock, James H & Watson, Mark W, 2002. "Macroeconomic Forecasting Using Diffusion Indexes," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(2), pages 147-162, April.
    14. Jarkko P. Jääskelä & Penelope Smith, 2013. "Terms of Trade Shocks: What Are They and What Do They Do?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 89(285), pages 145-159, June.
    15. Pilar Poncela & Eva Senra & Lya Paola Sierra, 2017. "Long-term links between raw materials prices, real exchange rate and relative de-industrialization in a commodity-dependent economy: empirical evidence of “Dutch disease” in Colombia," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 52(2), pages 777-798, March.
    16. Alejandro Gaviria, 1993. "El ahorro privado y los términos de intercambio: el caso colombiano," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 12(23), pages 37-54, June.
    17. Aarón L. Garavito Acosta & Carlos A. Huertas Campos & David C. López Valenzuela & Julián A. Parra Polanía, 2011. "Construcción del índice de términos de intercambio para Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007874, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    18. José Tomás Peláez S. & Lya Paola Sierra S., 2016. "Does Industrial Employment React to Movements in the Real Exchange Rate? An Empirical Analysis for Colombia, 2000-2010," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 53(1), pages 39-60, December.
    19. Valery Charnavoki & Juan J. Dolado, 2014. "The Effects of Global Shocks on Small Commodity-Exporting Economies: Lessons from Canada," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(2), pages 207-237, April.
    20. Nadav Ben-Zeev & Evi Pappa & Alejandro Vicondoa, 2016. "Emerging Economies Business Cycles: The Role Of The Terms Of Trade Revisited," Working Papers 1610, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Economics.
    21. Dan Andrews & Daniel Rees, 2009. "Macroeconomic Volatility and Terms of Trade Shocks," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2009-05, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    22. Ben S. Bernanke & Jean Boivin & Piotr Eliasz, 2005. "Measuring the Effects of Monetary Policy: A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressive (FAVAR) Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(1), pages 387-422.
    23. Broda, Christian, 2004. "Terms of trade and exchange rate regimes in developing countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 31-58, May.
    24. Michael J. Roberts & Wolfram Schlenker, 2013. "Identifying Supply and Demand Elasticities of Agricultural Commodities: Implications for the US Ethanol Mandate," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(6), pages 2265-2295, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    RELACION DE INTERCAMBIO; COMERCIO INTERNACIONAL; CONDICIONES ECONOMICAS; DESARROLLO ECONOMICO; MODELOS ECONOMETRICOS; TERMS OF TRADE; INTERNATIONAL TRADE; ECONOMIC CONDITIONS; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; ECONOMETRIC MODELS;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:44740. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Biblioteca CEPAL). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/eclaccl.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.