IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Are encalves amenities? An empricial investigation in the Southwest United States


  • Michael Hand

    () (University of New Mexico, Department of Economics)


The role of linguistic enclaves in wage determination is investigated for immigrants and non-immigrants. It is hypothesized that enclaves could affect wages positively as an aid to immigrant adjustment, or negatively as an amenity that minority language speakers are willing to pay for, or both. The results suggest that enclaves in the Southwest U.S. primarily operate as an aid to immigrant adjustment.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Hand, 2006. "Are encalves amenities? An empricial investigation in the Southwest United States," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 10(9), pages 1-7.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-06j00002

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Roback, Jennifer, 1982. "Wages, Rents, and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1257-1278, December.
    2. Chiswick, Barry R & Miller, Paul W, 1995. "The Endogeneity between Language and Earnings: International Analyses," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 246-288, April.
    3. Richard Alba & John Logan & Amy Lutz & Brian Stults, 2002. "Only English by the third generation? Loss and preservation of the mother tongue among the grandchildren of contemporary immigrants," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 39(3), pages 467-484, August.
    4. Gonzalez, Arturo, 1998. "Mexican Enclaves and the Price of Culture," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 273-291, March.
    5. Walter S. McManus, 1990. "Labor Market Effects of Language Enclaves: Hispanic Men in the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(2), pages 228-252.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-06j00002. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (John P. Conley). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.