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Corruption and Human Development Correlation in Western Balkan Countries

  • Eglantina HYSA

    ()

    (Epoka University, Albania)

The Western Balkan countries are characterized by a series of obstacles in economic, politics and social aspects. A country's progress is measured by different components but the most important one is the economic growth which in the Western Balkans is not very satisfactory. In these last years, instead of economic growth, the economic development is found to be a better index since it includes not only the quantitative issue (income level) but also the qualitative one (health and education level). From the other side, corruption level is found to be a negative indicator in this group of countries. Different researches have founded out a negative relationship between corruption level and countries' progress. The aim of this study is to identify the relationship between corruption level and human development. A regression analysis and a comparison of the degree of this relationship are performed for each Western Balkan county1 during years 2002-2010. The main result of this study is that the relationship between corruption and human development is found to be strong in Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro and Albania. Croatia shows a weak relationship whereas the relationship in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s case is meaningless.

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File URL: http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/euroeconomica/article/view/1082/900
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Article provided by Danubius University of Galati in its journal Euroeconomica.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 30 (November)
Pages: 148-157

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Handle: RePEc:dug:journl:y:2011:i:30:p:148-157
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.euroeconomica-danubius.ro/

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  1. Fisman, Raymond & Gatti, Roberta, 2000. "Decentralization and corruption - evidence across countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2290, The World Bank.
  2. Graeff, P. & Mehlkop, G., 2003. "The impact of economic freedom on corruption: different patterns for rich and poor countries," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 605-620, September.
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  9. Rauch, James E & Evans, Peter B., 1999. "Bureaucratic Structure and Bureaucratic Performance in Less Developed Countries," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt0sb0w38d, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
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  12. Miguel Braun & Rafael Di tella, 2004. "Inflation, Inflation Variability, and Corruption," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 77-100, 03.
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  15. Van Rijckeghem, Caroline & Weder, Beatrice, 2001. "Bureaucratic corruption and the rate of temptation: do wages in the civil service affect corruption, and by how much?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 307-331, August.
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  17. Fielding, David, 2002. "Health and Wealth: A Structural Model of Social and Economic Development," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 393-414, October.
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