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Kindergartenbesuch und intergenerationale Bildungsmobilität

Author

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  • Philipp C. Bauer
  • Regina T. Riphahn

Abstract

This study investigates whether early kindergarten attendance can affect intergenerational educational mobility between parents and children using data from Switzerland. There, kindergarten regulations are determined at the cantonal level, which allows us to compare the outcomes of different kindergarten policy regimes within a given country. Based on flexible estimations we find that early kindergarten enrollment is associated with higher educational mobility. Our results are confirmed when alternative indicators of kindergarten entry age regulations are considered. The results are statistically significant and robust to specification changes. Erhöht der frühere Besuch des Kindergartens die Bildungsmobilität zwischen Kind und Eltern? Wir nutzen Schweizer Daten, um dieser Frage nachzugehen. Frühschulische Politik wird in der Schweiz auf kantonaler Ebene geregelt, so dass das Kindergartensystem zwischen den Kantonen unterschiedlich reguliert ist. Wir finden Evidenz, dass diejenigen Kantone, in denen das Durchschnittsalter der Kinder im Kindergarten niedriger ist, eine erhöhte intergenerationale Bildungsmobilität aufweisen. Zum gleichen Schluss kommen wir, wenn wir anstelle des Durchschnittsalters den Anteil der Vier- und Fünfjährigen im Kindergarten als erklärende Variable in unserer Untersuchung berücksichtigen. Die Ergebnisse sind robust und auch nach Berücksichtigung der Effekte anderer Einflussgrößen statistisch signifikant und robust.

Suggested Citation

  • Philipp C. Bauer & Regina T. Riphahn, 2010. "Kindergartenbesuch und intergenerationale Bildungsmobilität," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(3), pages 121-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-3-8
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/DH/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.79.3.121
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Charlotte Büchner & C. Katharina Spieß, 2007. "Die Dauer vorschulischer Betreuungs- und Bildungserfahrungen: Ergebnisse auf der Basis von Paneldaten," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 687, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bauer, Philipp C. & Riphahn, Regina T., 2013. "Institutional determinants of intergenerational education transmission — Comparing alternative mechanisms for natives and immigrants," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 110-122.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Kindergarten; school entry; education mobility; intergenerational transmission of educational attainment;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General

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