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The Effects of Foreign Aid on the Creation and Distribution of Wealth

Author

Listed:
  • Wenli Cheng

    (Department of Economics, Monash University)

  • Dingsheng Zhang

    (CEMA, Central University of Finance and Economics)

  • Heng-fu Zou

    (Guanghua School of Management, Peking University
    Institute for Advanced Study, Wuhan University)

Abstract

This paper develops a model to study the effects of foreign aid on the creation and distribution of wealth in the recipient country. It considers three types of foreign aid: permanent grants to all individuals, temporary grants to uneducated workers, and foreign aid in the form of low interest rate loans to individuals who invest in education. The model shows that the economy may have two long-run equilibria, a rich equilibrium and a poor one. All types of foreign aid can increase the proportion of individuals investing in education, which means more people converging to the rich equilibrium and higher average wealth in the economy. In addition, if permanent or temporary grants are sufficient large, it is possible that the whole economy may converge to the rich equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Wenli Cheng & Dingsheng Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 2008. "The Effects of Foreign Aid on the Creation and Distribution of Wealth," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 9(2), pages 223-237, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2008:v:9:i:2:p:223-237
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mosley, Paul & Hudson, John & Horrell, Sara, 1987. "Aid, the Public Sector and the Market in Less Developed Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(387), pages 616-641, September.
    2. Oded Galor & Omer Moav, 2004. "From Physical to Human Capital Accumulation: Inequality and the Process of Development," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(4), pages 1001-1026.
    3. Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2000. "Aid effectiveness disputed," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 375-398, April.
    4. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 1993. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(1), pages 35-52.
    5. Santanu Chatterjee & Stephen J. Turnovsky, 2005. "Financing Public Investment through Foreign Aid: Consequences for Economic Growth and Welfare," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 20-44, February.
    6. Gong, Liutang & Zhong, Ruquan & Zou, Heng-fu, 2012. "On the concavity of the consumption function with the time varying discount rate," Economics Letters, Elsevier, pages 99-101.
    7. Heng-fu Zou, 1995. "The spirit of capitalism and savings behavior," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, pages 131-143.
    8. Galor, Oded & Tsiddon, Daniel, 1997. "The Distribution of Human Capital and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 93-124, March.
    9. Michael Benarroch & James D. Gaisford, 2004. "Foreign Aid, Innovation, and Technology Transfer in a North-South Model with Learning-by-Doing," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 361-378, August.
    10. Boone, Peter, 1996. "Politics and the effectiveness of foreign aid," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 289-329, February.
    11. Liutang Gong & Heng-fu Zou, 2001. "Foreign Aid Reduces Labor Supply and Capital Accumulation," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(1), pages 105-118, February.
    12. Liutang Gong & Heng-fu Zou, 2000. "Foreign Aid Reduces Domestic Capital Accumulation and Increases Foreign Borrowing: A Theoretical Analysis," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 1(1), pages 147-163, May.
    13. Djajic, Slobodan & Lahiri, Sajal & Raimondos-Moller, Pascalis, 1999. "Foreign Aid, Domestic Investment and Welfare," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(458), pages 698-707, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Heng-fu Zou, 2011. "Foreign Asset Accumulation and Macroeconomic Policies in a Model of Mercantilism," CEMA Working Papers 432, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    2. Juan Felipe Riaño-Rodríguez, 2014. "More than Words and Good Intentions: The Political Agenda-Setting Power," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011011, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign aid; Overlapping-generations model; Investment in education;

    JEL classification:

    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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