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Determinantes de la localización del empleo urbano en Bogotá, Colombia

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  • Diana Gutiérrez


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    ResumenLa dimensión espacial aparece como fundamental para abordar el tema de la generación de empleo urbano. El espacio juega un papel preponderante en la localización de los agentes puesto que no todos los lugares permiten obtener los mismas niveles de utilidad y rentabilidad. De esta manera, no todos los lugares brindan las mismas condiciones para generar empleo. La existencia de una serie de ventajas espaciales tales como la aglomeración, las economías de escala, la variedad, y la accesibilidad contribuyen a explicar por qu´e y en d´onde se genera empleo en la ciudad. Partiendo de un modelo teórico de preferencias por la variedad, usando análisis exploratorio de datos espaciales (ESDA) y econometría espacial, se muestra cómo las ventajas espaciales afectan la generación de empleo usando Bogotá como un estudio de caso.AbstractThe spatial dimension appears as a fundamental to board the urban employment generation topics. The space plays a key role on the location decisions made by the agents due to not all places offer the same levels of utility and profitability. The existence of a number of advantages in certain places such as the agglomeration, economies of scale, variety, and accessibility among others, may contribute to explain why and where urban employment is generated. From a theoretical model of preferences for variety, data analysis space exploration (ESDA) and spatial econometrics, it is shown how such spatial advantages can affect the employment generation using Bogotá as a case study.

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    Volume (Year): (2011)
    Issue (Month): (June)

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000151:008959
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    1. Sullivan, Arthur M., 1986. "A general equilibrium model with agglomerative economies and decentralized employment," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 55-74, July.
    2. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
    3. Robert E. Lucas & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2002. "On the Internal Structure of Cities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(4), pages 1445-1476, July.
    4. Masahisa Fujita, 1985. "Towards general equilibrium models of urban land use," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 36(1), pages 135-168.
    5. White, Michelle J., 1999. "Urban areas with decentralized employment: Theory and empirical work," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: P. C. Cheshire & E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 36, pages 1375-1412 Elsevier.
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