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Análisis de los flujos de trabajadores y la segmentación laboral en Colombia

  • Carlos F. Prada

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    Durante la década de los noventa, Colombia experimentó un cambio profundo en el comportamiento del mercado asalariado formal. Reformas al modelo de seguridad social, recesión a finales de la década y otros factores tuvieron un efecto negativo en elcomportamiento del mercado laboral, ya que este tipo de empleo se hizo más oneroso tanto para empleadores como para trabajadores. La pérdida de oportunidades en el sector asalariado, especialmente para los más vulnerables, fue propiciando lentamente el crecimiento de la actividad por cuenta propia. La literatura ha señalado que esto provocó un fenómeno denominado la hipótesis de segmentación en el mercado laboral. En este documento se analiza dicho fenómeno a través de un canal empírico alternativoa la literatura reciente: las transiciones laborales. Para esto se analizaron los flujos laborales y se estimaron sus determinantes. Los resultados de estos ejercicios indican que durante el período considerado hubo un cambio masivo y sostenido delsector asalariado formal hacia el sector por cuenta propia informal. Se comprobó que la base de estos movimientos fue el efecto de la salida involuntaria del empleo anterior.

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    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010340
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    1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Andrés Felipe García & Carlos Esteban Posada, . "La metodología de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares y el empalme de las series del mercado laboral urbano de Colombia," Borradores de Economia 410, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Haltiwanger, John C. & Vodopivec, Milan, 1999. "Gross worker and job flows in a transition economy : an analysis of Estonia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2082, The World Bank.
    3. Robert E. Lucas Jr., 1978. "On the Size Distribution of Business Firms," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 9(2), pages 508-523, Autumn.
    4. Santa María Mauricio & Sandra Rozo, 2009. "Análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo de la informalidad empresarial en Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    5. Gasparini Leonardo & Leonardo Tornaroli, 2009. "Labor Informality in Latin America and the Caribbean: Patterns and Trends from Household Survey Microdata," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    6. Davis, Steven J. & Haltiwanger, John, 1999. "Gross job flows," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2711-2805 Elsevier.
    7. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 1996. "Foundations of International Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262150476, June.
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