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Das demographische Defizit - die Fakten, die Folgen, die Ursachen und die Politikimplikationen

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  • Hans-Werner Sinn

Abstract

Deutschland altert schneller als fast alle Länder dieser Welt und hat weniger Neugeborene in Relation zu seiner Bevölkerung als jedes andere entwickelte Land dieser Erde. Diese Entwicklung hat fatale Folgen für die Funktionsfähigkeit der staatlichen Sozialsysteme, insbesondere für die Rentenversicherung, denn es fehlen die Beitragszahler, die zukünftig zur Finanzierung der Renten nötig sind. Zu den ökonomischen Ursachen der Kinderlosigkeit der Deutschen ist an vorderster Front das Rentensystem selbst zu zählen. Die Rentenversicherung hat den Menschen die Verantwortung für ihr Einkommen im Alter genommen und damit die Kinderlosigkeit der Deutschen maßgeblich mitverursacht. Zur Korrektur der Fehlentwicklung wird empfohlen, von der Kinderzahl abhängige Rentenansprüche einzuführen. Personen, die kein Geld für die Kindererziehung ausgeben, weil sie keine haben, sollten das eingesparte Geld anlegen, anstatt es zu verbrauchen.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans-Werner Sinn, 2013. "Das demographische Defizit - die Fakten, die Folgen, die Ursachen und die Politikimplikationen," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(21), pages 03-23, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:66:y:2013:i:21:p:03-23
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Demographie; Bevölkerungsentwicklung; Rentenfinanzierung; Familienplanung; Geburtenrate; Altersgrenze; Alterssicherung; Generationenbeziehungen;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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