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Schadet Internetnutzung dem Sozialkapital?


  • Stefan Bauernschuster
  • Oliver Falck
  • Ludger Wößmann



Oft wird unterstellt, dass die intensive Nutzung des Internets die Menschen in der realen Welt zu kontaktarmen Sonderlingen macht. Auf Vertrauen basierende Kontakte erleichtern aber in vielerlei Hinsicht den Austausch zwischen Individuen und haben daher greifbare ökonomische Konsequenzen. Ein Forschungsprojekt des ifo Instituts, das erstmals systematisch der Frage nachging, inwieweit das Internet individuelle Kontakte – Sozialkapital – beeinflusst, zeigt, dass das Internet Menschen verbindet. Das Vorhandensein eines DSL-Anschlusses im Haushalt wirkt sich positiv auf verschiedene sozialkapitalrelevante Variablen aus, wie die Regelmäßigkeit des Besuchs von Theater, Ausstellungen, Kino, Konzerten, Bars, Restaurants und Sportveranstaltungen, die Anzahl der Freunde, ehrenamtliche Tätigkeiten und Politisches Engagement. Das Internet hat einen ursächlichen positiven Effekt auf das Sozialkapital der Menschen.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Bauernschuster & Oliver Falck & Ludger Wößmann, 2010. "Schadet Internetnutzung dem Sozialkapital?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(21), pages 11-17, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:63:y:2010:i:21:p:11-17

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John McMillan & Christopher Woodruff, 1999. "Interfirm Relationships and Informal Credit in Vietnam," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1285-1320.
    2. Ofer Malamud & Cristian Pop-Eleches, 2011. "Home Computer Use and the Development of Human Capital," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(2), pages 987-1027.
    3. Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2016. "Long-Term Persistence," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 14(6), pages 1401-1436, December.
    4. Nina Czernich & Oliver Falck & Tobias Kretschmer & Ludger Woessmann, 2011. "Broadband Infrastructure and Economic Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(552), pages 505-532, May.
    5. Patrick Bayer & Stephen L. Ross & Giorgio Topa, 2008. "Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(6), pages 1150-1196, December.
    6. Claudio Michelacci & Olmo Silva, 2007. "Why So Many Local Entrepreneurs?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(4), pages 615-633, November.
    7. Thomas Fuchs & Ludger Wossmann, 2004. "Computers and student learning: bivariate and multivariate evidence on the availability and use of computers at home and at school," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 47(3-4), pages 359-386.
    8. repec:lmu:muenar:19688 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item


    Internet; Social Capital; Netzwerk; Medienverhalten; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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