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Localisation industrielle et spécialisation. Les rôles des infrastructures, des coûts de production et de la taille de marché dans un cadre Nord Sud

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  • Corinne Bagoulla

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the industrial location and the countries? specialization in a North/South model. The model is an extension of Ricci?s [1999] and Martin and Rogers? [1995] models. It introduces two countries (North and South), two production factors (capital and labour) and three sectors (two industrial sectors and an agricultural sector). The comparatives advantages are introduced between two industrial sectors and not between the agricultural sector and the indutry. These comparatives advantages encompass a difference in productivity per sector/country and a difference in wages per country. This hypothesis introduce a ?market size effect? and underline the necessity of considering these two variables separately. Moreover, the quality of the countries? infrastructures influence firmes? location. To avoid a desindustrialization or a specialization in a not very technological sector, the south has to increase its market size and to improve its industrial productivity. Classification JEL?: F12, F15, R12.

Suggested Citation

  • Corinne Bagoulla, 2006. "Localisation industrielle et spécialisation. Les rôles des infrastructures, des coûts de production et de la taille de marché dans un cadre Nord Sud," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(4), pages 705-726.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_574_0705
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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