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Localisation industrielle et spécialisation. Les rôles des infrastructures, des coûts de production et de la taille de marché dans un cadre Nord Sud

Author

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  • Corinne Bagoulla

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the industrial location and the countries’ specialization in a North/South model. The model is an extension of Ricci’s [1999] and Martin and Rogers’ [1995] models. It introduces two countries (North and South), two production factors (capital and labour) and three sectors (two industrial sectors and an agricultural sector). The comparatives advantages are introduced between two industrial sectors and not between the agricultural sector and the indutry. These comparatives advantages encompass a difference in productivity per sector/country and a difference in wages per country. This hypothesis introduce a “market size effect” and underline the necessity of considering these two variables separately. Moreover, the quality of the countries’ infrastructures influence firmes’ location. To avoid a desindustrialization or a specialization in a not very technological sector, the south has to increase its market size and to improve its industrial productivity. Classification JEL : F12, F15, R12.

Suggested Citation

  • Corinne Bagoulla, 2006. "Localisation industrielle et spécialisation. Les rôles des infrastructures, des coûts de production et de la taille de marché dans un cadre Nord Sud," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(4), pages 705-726.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_574_0705
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Venables, Anthony J. & Limao, Nuno, 2002. "Geographical disadvantage: a Heckscher-Ohlin-von Thunen model of international specialisation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 239-263, December.
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    3. Amiti, Mary, 2005. "Location of vertically linked industries: agglomeration versus comparative advantage," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 809-832, May.
    4. Baldwin, Richard E & Martin, Philippe & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I P, 2001. "Global Income Divergence, Trade, and Industrialization: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 5-37, March.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    6. Puga, Diego & Venables, Anthony J, 1998. "Trading Arrangements and Industrial Development," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(2), pages 221-249, May.
    7. Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Regional integration agreements - a force for convergence or divergence?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2260, The World Bank.
    8. Rikard Forslid & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2003. "An analytically solvable core-periphery model," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(3), pages 229-240, July.
    9. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-880.
    10. Venables, Anthony J, 1996. "Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(2), pages 341-359, May.
    11. Isabelle Bensidoun & Guillaume Gaulier & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2001. "The Nature of Specialization Matters for Growth: an Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 2001-13, CEPII research center.
    12. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1995. "Industrial location and public infrastructure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
    14. Forslid, Rikard, 1999. "Agglomeration with Human and Physical Capital: an Analytically Solvable Case," CEPR Discussion Papers 2102, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    16. Rikard Forslid & Ian Wooton, 2003. "Comparative Advantage and the Location of Production," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(4), pages 588-603, September.
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    18. Antonio Ricci, Luca, 1999. "Economic geography and comparative advantage:: Agglomeration versus specialization," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 357-377, February.
    19. Amiti, Mary, 1998. "Inter-industry trade in manufactures: Does country size matter?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 231-255, April.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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