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Localisation industrielle et spécialisation. Les rôles des infrastructures, des coûts de production et de la taille de marché dans un cadre Nord Sud

  • Corinne Bagoulla
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    This paper aims to analyse the industrial location and the countries? specialization in a North/South model. The model is an extension of Ricci?s [1999] and Martin and Rogers? [1995] models. It introduces two countries (North and South), two production factors (capital and labour) and three sectors (two industrial sectors and an agricultural sector). The comparatives advantages are introduced between two industrial sectors and not between the agricultural sector and the indutry. These comparatives advantages encompass a difference in productivity per sector/country and a difference in wages per country. This hypothesis introduce a ?market size effect?? and underline the necessity of considering these two variables separately. Moreover, the quality of the countries? infrastructures influence firmes? location. To avoid a desindustrialization or a specialization in a not very technological sector, the south has to increase its market size and to improve its industrial productivity. Classification JEL : F12, F15, R12.

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    Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 57 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 705-726

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_574_0705
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economique.htm

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    1. Richard E. Baldwin & Philippe Martin & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 1998. "Global Income Divergence, Trade and Industrializatiion: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs," NBER Working Papers 6458, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    3. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1995. "Industrial location and public infrastructure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
    4. Isabelle Bensidoun & Guillaume Gaulier & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2001. "The Nature of Specialization Matters for Growth: an Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 2001-13, CEPII research center.
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    16. Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Regional integration agreements - a force for convergence or divergence?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2260, The World Bank.
    17. Forslid, Rikard, 1999. "Agglomeration with Human and Physical Capital: an Analytically Solvable Case," CEPR Discussion Papers 2102, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    18. Antonio Ricci, Luca, 1999. "Economic geography and comparative advantage:: Agglomeration versus specialization," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 357-377, February.
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