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Risk allocation and the costs and benefits of public--private partnerships

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  • Elisabetta Iossa
  • David Martimort

Abstract

We study the agency costs of delegated public service provision, focusing on the link between organizational forms and uncertainty at project implementation. We consider a dynamic multitask moral hazard environment where the mapping between effort and performance is ex ante uncertain but new information may come along during operations. Our analysis points out at the efficiency gains that bundling planning and implementation - as under Public Private Partnerships - can bring in terms of better project design and lower operational costs. Bundling also results in increasingly better performance as uncertainty is reduced by growing experience in the sector. Bundling should instead be viewed with caution when the private sector seeks to radically innovate on public service provision or to introduce new services but lacks the knowledge and expertise to anticipate the impact of the innovative design/procedure/technology on the cost of operations. The compounding of asymmetric information ex post plus moral hazard and renegotiation may generate diseconomies of scope in agency costs which, for high operational risk, can make unbundling optimal. In this context, the use of private finance can help re-establishing the benefit of bundling only if lenders have sufficient expertise to help assessing project risks.
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Suggested Citation

  • Elisabetta Iossa & David Martimort, 2012. "Risk allocation and the costs and benefits of public--private partnerships," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 43(3), pages 442-474, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:randje:v:43:y:2012:i:3:p:442-474
    DOI: j.1756-2171.2012.00181.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Buso, Marco & Marty, Frederic & Tran, Phuong Tra, 2017. "Public-private partnerships from budget constraints: Looking for debt hiding?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 56-84.
    2. Fay,Marianne & Martimort,David & Straub,Stephane, 2018. "Funding and financing infrastructure : the joint-use of public and private finance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 8496, The World Bank.
    3. Schmitz, Patrick W., 2013. "Job design with conflicting tasks reconsidered," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 108-117.
    4. Li, Sanxi & Sun, Hailin & Yan, Jianye & Yu, Jun, 2015. "Bundling decisions in procurement auctions with sequential tasks," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 96-106.
    5. Schmitz, Patrick W., 2013. "Public procurement in times of crisis: The bundling decision reconsidered," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(3), pages 533-536.
    6. repec:eee:juipol:v:48:y:2017:i:c:p:210-218 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Dalton, Christina Marsh & Warren, Patrick L., 2014. "Outsourcing Intensity and Ownership: Theory and Evidence from California General Care Hospitals," MPRA Paper 61949, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Eva I. Hoppe & Patrick W. Schmitz, 2013. "Public-private partnerships versus traditional procurement: Innovation incentives and information gathering," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 44(1), pages 56-74, March.
    9. Dalton, Christina Marsh & Warren, Patrick L., 2016. "Cost versus control: Understanding ownership through outsourcing in hospitals," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 1-15.
    10. Emily Poole & Carl Toohey & Peter Harris, 2014. "Public Infrastructure: A Framework for Decision-making," RBA Annual Conference Volume,in: Alexandra Heath & Matthew Read (ed.), Financial Flows and Infrastructure Financing Reserve Bank of Australia.
    11. Schmitz, Patrick W., 2015. "Government versus private ownership of public goods: The role of bargaining frictions," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 23-31.
    12. Antonio García-Lorenzo, 2014. "Cooperación público-privada en la prestación de servicios públicos: el conflicto entre la flexibilidad y la incertidumbre," SERMED 2014 Conference Papers p08, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
    13. Hellowell, Mark, 2013. "PFI redux? Assessing a new model for financing hospitals," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 113(1), pages 77-85.
    14. Julie De Brux & Frédéric Marty, 2014. "IPPP - Risks and opportunities An economic perspective," Post-Print halshs-00990951, HAL.
    15. repec:kap:porgrv:v:18:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11115-016-0359-x is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:kap:revind:v:51:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11151-016-9540-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Roehrich, Jens K. & Lewis, Michael A. & George, Gerard, 2014. "Are public–private partnerships a healthy option? A systematic literature review," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 110-119.
    18. Deng, Zhongqi & Song, Shunfeng & Chen, Yongjun, 2016. "Private participation in infrastructure project and its impact on the project cost," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 63-76.
    19. Daniel Albalate & Germà Bel & Richard R. Geddes, 2015. "“Strong versus Weak Vertical Integration: Contractual Choice and PPPs in the United States”," IREA Working Papers 201518, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Sep 2015.
    20. Rabah Arezki & Patrick Bolton & Sanjay Peters & Frederic Samama & Joseph Stiglitz, 2016. "From Global Savings Glut to Financing Infrastructure; The Advent of Investment Platforms," IMF Working Papers 16/18, International Monetary Fund.
    21. repec:bla:annpce:v:88:y:2017:i:3:p:25-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Rabah Arezki & Amadou Sy, 2016. "Financing Africa's Infrastructure Deficit: From Development Banking to Long-term Investing," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 25(suppl_2), pages 59-73.
    23. Andreas Asseyer, 2015. "Optimal monitoring in dynamic procurement contracts," Working Papers 2015002, Berlin Doctoral Program in Economics and Management Science (BDPEMS).
    24. Dementiev, Andrei & Loboyko, Anfisa, 2014. "Trusting partnerships in a regulatory game: The case of suburban railway transport in Russia," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 209-220.
    25. Rodrigo Nobre Fernandez & André Carraro & Ronald Otto Hillbrecht, 2016. "Efficiency, cost and benefits in contracts of public-private partnerships [Efficiency, cost and benefits in contracts of public-private partnerships]," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 26(2), pages 369-392, May-Augus.

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