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Dealing with Benchmark Revisions in Real‐Time Data: The Case of German Production and Orders Statistics

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  • Thomas A. Knetsch
  • Hans‐Eggert Reimers

Abstract

Benchmark revisions in non‐stationary real‐time data may adversely affect the results of regular revision analysis and the estimates of long‐run economic relationships. Cointegration analysis can reveal the nature of vintage heterogeneity and guide the adjustment of real‐time data for benchmark revisions. Affine vintage transformation functions estimated by cointegration regressions are a flexible tool, whereas differencing and rebasing work well only under certain circumstances. Inappropriate vintage transformation may cause observed revision statistics to be affected by nuisance parameters. Using real‐time data of German industrial production and orders, the econometric techniques are exemplified and the theoretical claims are examined empirically.

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  • Thomas A. Knetsch & Hans‐Eggert Reimers, 2009. "Dealing with Benchmark Revisions in Real‐Time Data: The Case of German Production and Orders Statistics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 71(2), pages 209-235, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:71:y:2009:i:2:p:209-235
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0084.2008.00522.x
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    Cited by:

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    2. Pascal Bührig & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2015. "Revisionen der deutschen Industrieproduktion und die ifo Indikatoren," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 68(21), pages 27-31, November.
    3. Heinisch Katja & Scheufele Rolf, 2019. "Should Forecasters Use Real-Time Data to Evaluate Leading Indicator Models for GDP Prediction? German Evidence," German Economic Review, De Gruyter, vol. 20(4), pages 170-200, December.
    4. Pascal Bührig & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2016. "Forecasting revisions of German industrial production," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(15), pages 1062-1064, October.
    5. Strohsal, Till & Wolf, Elias, 2020. "Data revisions to German national accounts: Are initial releases good nowcasts?," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1252-1259.
    6. Heinisch, Katja, 2016. "A real-time analysis on the importance of hard and soft data for nowcasting German GDP," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145864, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    7. Jan P.A.M. Jacobs & Samad Sarferaz & Simon van Norden & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2013. "Modeling Multivariate Data Revisions," CIRANO Working Papers 2013s-44, CIRANO.

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