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Macroprudential capital tools: assessing their rationale and effectiveness

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  • Clerc, L.
  • Nikolov, K.
  • Derviz, A.
  • Stracca, L.
  • Mendicino, C.
  • Suarez, J.
  • Moyen, S.
  • Vardoulakis, A.

Abstract

In this paper, the authors analyse the rationale for and effectiveness of macroprudential capital tools. They first present the limits of the traditional approach to bank capital regulation and the reasons why developing a more holistic approach is deemed appropriate. They then assess the effectiveness of capital tools (namely capital requirements, countercyclical capital buffers and sectoral risk weights) from a macroprudential perspective in the context of a dynamic general equilibrium model that features the default of the various classes of borrowers (banks, households and firms). Three main results stand out from this exercise: (i) there is generally an optimal level of capital requirements; (ii) the lower the banks’ capital ratio (or the higher their leverage), the greater the scope for amplification of real and financial shocks; (iii) a moderate degree of countercyclical adjustment of capital requirements may significantly improve the benefits of setting these requirements at a high level.

Suggested Citation

  • Clerc, L. & Nikolov, K. & Derviz, A. & Stracca, L. & Mendicino, C. & Suarez, J. & Moyen, S. & Vardoulakis, A., 2014. "Macroprudential capital tools: assessing their rationale and effectiveness," Financial Stability Review, Banque de France, issue 18, pages 183-194, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:fisrev:2014:18:18
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    File URL: https://publications.banque-france.fr/sites/default/files/medias/documents/financial-stability-review-18_2014-04.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Clerc, L. & Gabrieli, S. & Kern, S. & El Omari, Y., 2014. "Monitoring the European CDS Market through Networks: Implications for Contagion Risks," Working papers 477, Banque de France.
    2. David Miles & Jing Yang & Gilberto Marcheggiano, 2013. "Optimal Bank Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123(567), pages 1-37, March.
    3. Rafael Repullo & Javier Suarez, 2013. "The Procyclical Effects of Bank Capital Regulation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(2), pages 452-490.
    4. Anat R. Admati & Peter M. DeMarzo & Martin F. Hellwig & Paul Pfleiderer, 2010. "Fallacies, Irrelevant Facts, and Myths in the Discussion of Capital Regulation: Why Bank Equity is Not Expensive," Discussion Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2010_42, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.
    5. Laurent Clerc & Alexis Derviz & Caterina Mendicino & Stephane Moyen & Kalin Nikolov & Livio Stracca & Javier Suarez & Alexandros P. Vardoulakis, 2015. "Capital Regulation in a Macroeconomic Model with Three Layers of Default," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(3), pages 9-63, June.
    6. Gertler, Mark & Karadi, Peter, 2011. "A model of unconventional monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 17-34, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Matteo Benetton, 2017. "Lenders' Competition and Macro-prudential Regulation: A Model of the UK Mortgage Supermarket," 2017 Meeting Papers 1001, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Jan Bruha & Jiri Polansky & Jaromir Tonner & Stanislav Tvrz & Osvald Vasicek & Jan Babecky & Kamil Galuscak & Lubomir Lizal & Diana Zigraiova, 2016. "Topics in Labour Markets," Occasional Publications - Edited Volumes, Czech National Bank, Research Department, edition 1, volume 14, number rb14/1 edited by Jan Babecky.
    3. Oxana Babecka Kucharcukova & Alexis Derviz & Vaclav Hausenblas & Michal Hlavacek & Mark Joy & Narcisa Kadlcakova & Lubos Komarek & Zlatuse Komarkova & Tomas Konecny & Ivana Kubicova & Jitka Lesanovska, 2014. "Macroprudential Research: Selected Issues," Occasional Publications - Edited Volumes, Czech National Bank, Research Department, edition 2, volume 12, number rb12/2 edited by Jan Babecky & Borek Vasicek.

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