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Defining and Assessment of Sustainability of Farms


  • Hrabrin Bashev


The issue of assessment of farms sustainability is among the most discussed among researchers, farmers, investors, politicians, interests groups and public at large. Despite the significant development of the theory and practice in that new area still there is no common understanding on „what is farm sustainability?“, „what is the relation between farm and agrarian sustainability?“, “which are critical factors of farms sustainability?”, and „how to assess farms sustainability level?“. This article tries to give answer to all these questions, as the evolution of the “concept” of farm sustainability is initially analyzed and discussed. On that base is suggested adequate definition of farm sustainability as ability of a particular farm to maintain its governance, economic, social and ecological functions in a long term. After that applicable for the contemporary conditions of the development of Bulgarian farms framework for assessing the farm sustainability level is suggested. The later includes a system of appropriate principles, criteria, indicators, and reference values, which characterize the governance, economic, ecological and social aspects of farms sustainability as well as approach for their integration and interpretation. The goal is to test the efficiency of this framework, and after that to apply it for the assessment of sustainability level of farms during the new program period of EU CAP implementation in Bulgaria.

Suggested Citation

  • Hrabrin Bashev, 2016. "Defining and Assessment of Sustainability of Farms," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 158-188.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2016:i:3:p:158-188

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hrabrin Bachev, 2005. "Assessment Of Sustainability Of Bulgarian Farms," Development and Comp Systems 0511007, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hrabrin Bachev, 2009. "Mechanisms Of Governance Of Sustainble Development," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 4(2(8)_ Sum).
    3. Sauvenier, Xavier & Valckx, Jan & Van Cauwenbergh, Nora & Wauters, Erwin & Bachev, Hrabrin & Biala, K. & Bielders, Charles & Brouckaert, Veronique & Garcia-Cidad, V. & Goyens, S. & Hermy, Martin & Mat, 2005. "Framework for assessing sustainability levels in Belgium agricultural systems - SAFE," MPRA Paper 99616, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2010. "Governance of agrarian sustainability," MPRA Paper 99867, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Hrabrin Bachev, 2013. "Risk Management in the Agri-food Sector," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 7(1), March.
    6. Hansen, J. W., 1996. "Is agricultural sustainability a useful concept?," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 117-143.
    7. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2008. "Environmental management in Bulgarian agriculture," MPRA Paper 7769, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hrabrin Bachev & Bozhidar Ivanov & Emilia Sokolova & Desislava Toteva, 2017. "Agricultural Sustainability in Bulgaria – Levels and Factors," International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, Juniper Publishers Inc., vol. 6(2), pages 42-51, November.
    2. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2017. "Environmental sustainability of Bulgarian agricultural Farms – assessment, state, factors," MPRA Paper 81658, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Hrabrin I. BACHEV & Bozhidar IVANOV & Desislava TOTEVA & Emilia SOKOLOVA, 2017. "Evaluation of agrarian sustainability in Bulgaria," Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences, KSP Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 233-242, September.
    4. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2016. "Устойчивост На Земеделските Стопанства В България
      [Sustainability of agricultural farms in Bulgaria]
      ," MPRA Paper 99457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Hrabrin I. BACHEV, 2017. "Assessing Multi-aspects and Integral Sustainability of Bulgarian Farms," Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences, KSP Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 53-86, March.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics


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