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Environmental management in Bulgarian agriculture

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  • Bachev, Hrabrin

Abstract

This paper presents a new framework for analysis and improvement of environmental management based on the achievements of the New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics. Following that new framework we first, identify the major environmental problems and risks in Bulgarian agriculture. Next, we access efficiency of market, private and public modes of environmental management employed in the sector. And finally, we give prospects and major challenges of environmental management in conditions of EU Common Agricultural Policy implementation. Our analysis shows that post-communist transition of Bulgarian agriculture has changed the state of the environment and brought some new challenges such as: degradation and contamination of farmland, pollution of surface and ground waters, loss of biodiversity, significant greenhouse gas emissions etc. Badly defined and enforced environmental rights, prolonged process of privatization of agrarian resources, carrying out farming in structures not motivating in long-term investment, low appropriability of certain environmental rights and high uncertainty and assets specificity of environment related transactions, all these factors have been responsible for failure of market and private modes of environmental management. The strong needs for a public intervention have not been met by an effective government, community, international assistance etc. intervention. Consequently agrarian sustainability has been severely compromised. The assessment of likely impact of EU CAP implementation under “Bulgarian” conditions indicates that the main beneficiary of various new support measures will be the biggest operators. Income, technological and environmental discrepancy between different farms, sub-sectors and regions will be further enhanced. Our analysis has been also supported by field survey data from different type dairy farms from two major milk producing regions of the country. We have found out that a great number of farms have no sufficient capacity for adaptation to new EU requirements for the dairy sector. The bulk of milk producers expect no positive impact of CAP measures on their income, volume and technology of production, investment level, product quality, access to public programs, improvement of environmental care, improvement of animal welfare, development of infrastructure, possibilities for new income generation, and social status of farm households.

Suggested Citation

  • Bachev, Hrabrin, 2008. "Environmental management in Bulgarian agriculture," MPRA Paper 7769, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:7769
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pierre Dupraz & Karine Latouche & Francois Bonnieux, 2004. "Economic implications of scale and threshold effects in agri-environmental processes," Post-Print hal-01931556, HAL.
    2. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2008. "Governing of agrarian sustainability," MPRA Paper 7772, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Bachev, Hrabrin & Ivanov, Bodjidar & Toteva, Desislava & Sokolova, Emilia, 2017. "Sustainability level of Bulgarian agriculture," MPRA Paper 81593, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Hrabrin Bachev, 2005. "Efficiecy Of Agrarian Organisations," Microeconomics 0511002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Hrabrin Bachev, 2005. "Governing Of Finance Supply In Bulgarian Farms," Finance 0511003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Bachev, Hrabrin & Tsuji, Masao, 2001. "Structures for organisation of transactions in Bulgarian agriculture," MPRA Paper 99338, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bachev, Hrabrin & Terziev, Dimitar, 2018. "Sustainability Of Bulgarian Farms," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 6(2), April.
    8. Allan P. O. Williams, 2006. "Impact of Strategies," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: The Rise of Cass Business School, chapter 13, pages 167-181, Palgrave Macmillan.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2009. "Governing of agro-ecosystem services - modes, efficiency, perspectives," MPRA Paper 99870, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hrabrin I. BACHEV, 2016. "Unpacking Agrarian and Agri-business Contracts," Journal of Economics Library, KSP Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 524-547, September.
    3. H. Bachev, 2018. "An Empirical Study On Relations Between Governance And Sustainability In Bulgarian Agriculture," Вестник Киевского национального университета имени Тараса Шевченко. Экономика., Socionet;Киевский национальный университет имени Тараса Шевченко, vol. 3(198), pages 6-29.
    4. Hrabrin Ianouchev BACHEV, 2018. "Impact of governing modeson agrarian sustainability in Bulgaria," Journal of Economic and Social Thought, KSP Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 72-110, March.
    5. Hrabrin BACHEV, 2010. "Framework For Analisis Of Agrarian Contracts," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 2(1), pages 39-66, March.
    6. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2009. "Framework for Analisis and Improvement of Agrarian Dynamics," MPRA Paper 19349, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2013. "Natural resources conservation management and strategies in agriculture," MPRA Paper 46368, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2014. "Environmental Management in Agriculture – Case of Bulgaria," MPRA Paper 59054, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Bachev, Hrabrin & Nanseki, Teruaki, 2007. "Environmental Management in Bulgarian Agriculture – Risks, Modes, Major Challenges," MPRA Paper 99407, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Hrabrin Bashev, 2016. "Defining and Assessment of Sustainability of Farms," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 158-188.
    11. Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev & Nanseki, T., 2008. "Risk Governance in Bulgarian Dairy Farming," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44136, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    12. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2010. "Eco-governance in Bulgarian Agriculture," MPRA Paper 22958, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Hrabrin Bachev, 2009. "Mechanisms Of Governance Of Sustainble Development," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 4(2(8)_ Sum).
    14. Nicola Galluzzo, 2017. "Impact of CAP Financial Subsidies on Rural Development and Emigration in Bulgarian Rural Areas," International Conference on Competitiveness of Agro-food and Environmental Economy Proceedings, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, vol. 6, pages 50-61.
    15. Bachev, Hrabrin & Koteva, Nina & Ivanov, Bojidar & Mitova, Dilyana & Boevski, Ivan & Terziev, Dimitar & Dimova, Nadejda & Dimitrova, Reneta & Marinov, Petar & Zvyatkova, Daniela & Sarov, Angel & Koste, 2021. "Холистичен Подход За Дефиниране, Оценяване И Подобряване На Конкурентоспособността На Земеделските Стопанства В България [A holistic framework for defining, evaluating, and improving the competitiv," MPRA Paper 111498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Hrabrin I. BACHEV, 2017. "Socio-economic and Ecological Sustainability of Smallholder Agricultural Holdings in Bulgaria," Journal of Economic and Social Thought, KSP Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 247-260, June.
    17. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2016. "Устойчивост На Земеделските Стопанства В България [Sustainability of agricultural farms in Bulgaria]," MPRA Paper 99457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2008. "Risk governance in agriculture," MPRA Paper 7770, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Bachev, Hrabrin & Yovchevska, Plamena & Mitova, Dilyana & Toteva, Desislava & Mitov, Anton, 2013. "Еко-Управление В Българското Селското Стопанство [Environmental Management in Bulgarian Agriculture]," MPRA Paper 52202, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2008. "Production and productivity of Bulgarian agriculture in post war years," MPRA Paper 7787, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Bachev, Hrabrin & Ivanov, Bojidar & Radev, Teodor & Dung, Nguen & Atanasova, Maria & Slavova, Yanka & Toteva, Dessislava, 2009. "Сравнителен Анализ На Аграрната Политика На България И Виетнам [Comparative Analysis of Agricultural Policy of Bulgaria and Vietnam]," MPRA Paper 99434, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2009. "Governing of Agro-Ecosystem Services," MPRA Paper 15492, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2014. "Environmental management in agriculture - mechanisms, forms and efficiency," MPRA Paper 99852, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2010. "Governance of agrarian sustainability," MPRA Paper 99867, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    25. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2014. "Forms, Factors and Efficiency of Eco-management in Bulgarian Farms with High Eco-activity," MPRA Paper 58664, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental management; market; private and public governance; agrarian transition; CAP implementation; governing agrarian sustainability; comparative institutional analysis; transaction costs; Bulgaria;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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