Vector error correction modelling of Nigerian agricultural supply response
Undue taxing of the agriculture sector could constitute a disincentive to agricultural production in most low-income African countries where agriculture is being taxed for industrial development. There is an argument that the high level of taxation of agriculture in favour of industrialization is in part due to the underestimation of the supply response of the agricultural sector. This study tests the theoretical hypotheses that only price, non-price and natural disincentives respectively pose problems for agricultural growth. JohansenÂ’s approach to co-integration analysis was employed to test these hypotheses using the time-series data from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical database. The long-run price elasticity of supply is 0.13 and capital shift supply 18 per cent. The implication of this is that much more in-depth research is needed to identify those factors that affect supply and to describe the effect of factors that shift supply in response to price incentives. This could provide valuable information for government in the use of appropriate policy measures and variables.
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- Rainer Thiele, 2002.
"Price Incentives, Non-Price Factors, and Agricultural Production in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cointegration Analysis,"
Kiel Working Papers
1123, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Rainer Thiele, 2003. "Price Incentives, Non‐price Factors and Agricultural Production in Sub‐Saharan Africa: A Cointegration Analysis," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 15(2‐3), pages 425-438.
- Thiele, Rainer, 2003. "Price Incentives, Non-Price Factors, And Agricultural Production In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cointegration Analysis," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25901, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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- Rainer Thiele, 2000. "Estimating the Aggregate Agricultural Supply Response: A Survey of Techniques and Results for Developing Countries," Kiel Working Papers 1016, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Gonzalo, Jesus, 1994. "Five alternative methods of estimating long-run equilibrium relationships," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1-2), pages 203-233.
- David E. Bloom & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1998. "Geography, Demography, and Economic Growth in Africa," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 29(2), pages 207-296.
- Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501, July.
- Banerjee, Anindya, et al, 1986. "Exploring Equilibrium Relationships in Econometrics through Static Models: Some Monte Carlo Evidence," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 48(3), pages 253-77, August.
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