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Mobility in Europe: Recent Trends from a Cluster Analysis


  • Ioana Manafi

    () (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Daniela Marinescu

    (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Monica Roman

    (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Karen Hemming

    (Deutsches Jugendinstitut e.V., Halle (Saale), Germany)


During the past decade, Europe was confronted with major changes and events offering large opportunities for mobility. The EU enlargement process, the EU policies regarding youth, the economic crisis affecting national economies on different levels, political instabilities in some European countries, high rates of unemployment or the increasing number of refugees are only a few of the factors influencing net migration in Europe. Based on a set of socio-economic indicators for EU/EFTA countries and cluster analysis, the paper provides an overview of regional differences across European countries, related to migration magnitude in the identified clusters. The obtained clusters are in accordance with previous studies in migration, and appear stable during the period of 2005-2013, with only some exceptions. The analysis revealed three country clusters: EU/EFTA center-receiving countries, EU/EFTA periphery-sending countries and EU/EFTA outlier countries, the names suggesting not only the geographical position within Europe, but the trends in net migration flows during the years. Therewith, the results provide evidence for the persistence of a movement from periphery to center countries, which is correlated with recent flows of mobility in Europe.

Suggested Citation

  • Ioana Manafi & Daniela Marinescu & Monica Roman & Karen Hemming, 2017. "Mobility in Europe: Recent Trends from a Cluster Analysis," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 19(46), pages 711-711, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:aes:amfeco:v:46:y:2017:i:19:p:711

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anna Maria Mayda, 2006. "Who Is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(3), pages 510-530, August.
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    3. George J. Borjas, 1987. "Immigrants, Minorities, and Labor Market Competition," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 40(3), pages 382-392, April.
    4. Monica ROMAN & Maria Denisa VASILESCU, 2016. "Explaining the Migration Intentions Of Romanian Youth: Are Teenegers Different?," Romanian Statistical Review, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(4), pages 69-86, December.
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    6. Michele Battisti & Gabriel Felbermayr & Giovanni Peri & Panu Poutvaara, 2018. "Immigration, Search and Redistribution: A Quantitative Assessment of Native Welfare," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 1137-1188.
    7. Klaus F. Zimmermann & Thomas K. Bauer (ed.), 2002. "The Economics of Migration," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, volume 0, number 1448, November.
    8. Vitanov, Nikolay K. & Vitanov, Kaloyan N., 2016. "Box model of migration channels," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 108-114.
    9. Jerome H. Friedman & Jacqueline J. Meulman, 2004. "Clustering objects on subsets of attributes (with discussion)," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 66(4), pages 815-849, November.
    10. Roman, Monica & Suciu, Christina, 2007. "International Mobility of Romanian Students in Europe: From Statistical Evidence to Policy Measures," MPRA Paper 16439, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    mobility/migration; cluster analysis; migration patterns; sending/receiving countries.;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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