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The Creative Class, Bohemians and Local Labor Market Performance: A Micro-data Panel Study for Germany 1975-2004

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  • Möller, Joachim
  • Tubadji, Annie

Abstract

The paper aims at testing Florida's concept of the Creative Class using panel data for 323 West German regions for the time period 1975 – 2004. Applying a dynamic system approach based on GMM, we find that the local concentration of the Creative Class has predictive power for the economic development of a region and tends to outperform traditional indicators of human capital. However, our results do not support Florida's assertion that the creative workers flock where the Bohemians are. According to our findings, the Creative Class is attracted by favorable economic conditions as indicated by employment growth or an increasing wage bill. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 08-135.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:7525

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Keywords: Culture; Regional Development; Bohemians; Creative Class; Dynamic Panel Methods;

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  1. Gautier, Pieter & Svarer, Michael & Teulings, Coen, 2005. "Marriage and the City," IZA Discussion Papers 1491, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. Krauskopf, Thomas & Bünger, Björn & Langen, Martin, 2010. "Cultural infrastructure and regional economic well-being in Germany: Are we creative yet?," CAWM Discussion Papers 30, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.
  2. Esubalew Tiruneh, 2014. "Regional Economic Development in Italy: Applying the Creative Class Thesis to a Test," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 19-36, March.
  3. Wedemeier, Jan, 2012. "Creative professionals and high-skilled agents: Polarization of employment growth?," HWWI Research Papers 119, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  4. Christoph Alfken & Tom Broekel & Rolf Sternberg, 2013. "Factors explaining the spatial agglomeration of the Creative Class. Empirical evidence for German artists," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2013-02, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  5. repec:dgr:uvatin:2012079 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Thomas K. Bauer & Philipp Breidenbach & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2014. "“Phantom of the Opera” or “Sex and the City”? – Historical Amenities as Sources of Exogenous Variation," Ruhr Economic Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen 0493, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  7. Annie Tubadji & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "Altruism to Strangers for our Own Sake: Domestic Effects from Immigration," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-079/3, Tinbergen Institute.

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