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Recasting the Creative Class to Examine Growth Processes in Rural and Urban Counties

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Author Info

  • David Mcgranahan
  • Timothy Wojan

Abstract

McGranahan D. and Wojan T. (2007) Recasting the creative class to examine growth processes in rural and urban counties, Regional Studies 41, 1-20. Richard Florida's Rise of the Creative Class (2002) makes a compelling argument that regional development now depends on novel combinations of knowledge and ideas, that certain occupations specialize in this task, that people in these occupations are drawn to areas providing a high quality of life, and thus the essential development strategy is to create an environment that attracts and retains these workers. The present analysis of recent rural development in rural US counties, which focuses on natural amenities as quality of life indicators, supports the creative class thesis. A repetition for urban counties also shows a strong relationship between creative class presence and growth, although natural amenities play a smaller role. However, the results depend on a recast creative class measure, which excludes from the original Florida measure many occupations with low creativity requirements and those involved primarily in economic reproduction. The measure conforms more closely to the concept of creative class and proves to be more highly associated with regional development than the original Florida measure. McGranahan D. et Wojan T. (2007) Reformuler la classe creatrice pour examiner les processus de croissance dans les comtes ruraux et urbains, Regional Studies 41, 1-20. Dans son livre Rise of the Creative Class (L'Essor de la classe creatrice) (2002), Richard Florida affirme de facon convaincante que, de nos jours, l'amenagement du territoire depend des combinaisons originales de la connaissance et des idees, que certaines categories socioprofessionnelles se specialisent dans cette tache, que ceux qui travaillent dans de telles categories sont pousses vers des professions qui offrent une qualite de la vie elevee, et donc la strategie cle est de creer un milieu qui attire et retient ces travailleurs. L'analyse du developpement rural recent dans les comtes ruraux aux E-U qui porte sur l'equipement naturel comme indicateur de la qualite de la vie, confirme la these qui prone la classe creatrice. Repeter l'analyse pour les comtes urbains montre aussi une correlation etroite entre la presence de la classe creatrice et la croissance, alors que l'equipement naturel joue un moindre role. Cependant, les resultats dependent d'une mesure de la classe creatrice reformulee qui exclut de la mesure originale de Florida beaucoup des professions dont les criteres de creativite sont peu importants et dont les employes travaillent principalement dans la production economique. La mesure se conforme plus etroitement a la notion de la classe creatrice et s'avere en correlation plus etroite avec l'amenagement du territoire que ne le fait la mesure originale de Florida. Equipement Validite du concept Professions Amenagement du territoire McGranahan D. und Wojan T. (2007) Neues Modell der kreativen Klasse zur Untersuchung von Wachstumsprozessen in landlichen und stadtischen Bezirken, Regional Studies 41, 1-20. In Rise of the Creative Class (2002) legt Richard Florida uberzeugend dar, dass eine Regionalentwicklung heute auf neuartige Kombinationen aus Wissen und Ideen angewiesen ist, dass bestimmte Berufe auf diese Aufgabe spezialisiert sind, dass die Ausubenden dieser Berufe von Gebieten mit hoher Lebensqualitat angezogen werden und dass die wichtigste Entwicklungsstrategie daher darin bestehen muss, eine Umgebung zu schaffen, die diese Arbeiter anzieht und zum Bleiben bewegt. Unsere Analyse der aktuellen Entwicklung in landlichen Bezirken der USA stutzt sich auf naturliche Erholungsgebiete als Indikatoren der Lebensqualitat und bekraftigt die These der kreativen Klasse. Auch bei einer Wiederholung der Studie fur stadtische Bezirke zeigt sich ein enger Zusammenhang zwischen der Prasenz einer kreativen Klasse und dem Wachstum, obwohl hierbei naturliche Erholungsgebiete eine geringere Rolle spielen. Allerdings hangen unsere Ergebnisse von einem umgestalteten Massstab fur die kreative Klasse ab, bei dem zahlreiche Berufe mit geringen kreativen Anforderungen sowie Berufe, die in erster Linie mit wirtschaftlicher Reproduktion befasst sind, aus dem ursprunglich von Florida herangezogenen Massstab ausgenommen werden. Unser Massstab wird dem Konzept einer kreativen Klasse besser gerecht und erweist sich als starker mit der Regionalentwicklung verknupft als Floridas ursprunglicher Massstab. Erholungsgebiete Gultigkeit von Konstrukt Berufe Strategie zur landlichen Entwicklung McGranahan D. y Wojan T. (2007) Reformulacion de la clase creativa para examinar los procesos de crecimiento en comarcas rurales y urbanas, Regional Studies 41, 1-20. La teoria de la clase creativa, propuesta por Richard Florida en su libro The Rise of the Creative Class (2002), sostiene de forma convincente que el desarrollo regional depende ahora de nuevas combinaciones de conocimiento e ideas, que ciertas ocupaciones se especializan es esta labor, que las personas en estas ocupaciones se interesan por areas que ofrecen un alto nivel de calidad de vida, y que por tanto la estrategia basica de desarrollo es crear un ambiente que atraiga y conserve a este grupo de trabajadores. En nuestro analisis de reciente desarrollo rural en comarcas rurales de los Estados Unidos, centrado en las prestaciones naturales como indicadores sobre la calidad de vida, defendemos la tesis de la clase creativa. Un caso similar en comarcas urbanas tambien demuestra un solido vinculo entre la presencia de la clase creativa y el crecimiento, si bien los indicadores naturales desempenan un papel mas pequeno. Sin embargo, nuestros resultados dependen de una reformula de medicion de la clase creativa que excluye de la medicion original de Florida muchas ocupaciones con baja creatividad y en las que es mas importante la reproduccion economica. Nuestra medicion se rige mas por el concepto de clase creativa y demuestra estar mas relacionado con el desarrollo regional que la medicion original de Florida. Servicios Validez de constructo Ocupaciones Estrategia de desarrollo rural

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 197-216

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:2:p:197-216

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Related research

Keywords: Amenities; Construct validity; Occupations; Rural development strategy;

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