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The Economic Value of Cultural Diversity: Evidence from US Cities

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  • Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

    (Università di Bologna, FEEM and CEPR)

  • Giovanni Peri

    (UC Davis and CESifo)

Abstract

We use data on wages and rents in different U.S. cities to assess the amenity effects on production and consumption of cultural diversity as measured by diversity of countries of birth of city residents. We show that US-born citizens living in metropolitan areas where the share of foreign-born increased between 1970 and 1990 have experienced a significant average increase in their wage and in the rental price of their housing. Such finding is economically significant and robust to omitted variable bias and endogeneity bias. We then present a model in which cultural diversity may have both production and consumption amenity or disamenity effects. As people and firms are mobile across cities in the long run, the model implies that the joint results from the wage and rent regressions are consistent with a dominant production amenity effect of cultural diversity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2004.34.

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Date of creation: Feb 2004
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2004.34

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Keywords: Cultural diversity; Productivity; Local amenities; Urban economics;

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References

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  1. The Census of 2011: Some Christmas Stories by Mark Harrison
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