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The Geography of Creative People in Germany

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  • Fritsch, Michael
  • Stützer, Michael

Abstract

It has been argued that creativity is an important source of regional growth. This article investigates the geography of people in creative occupation in Germany. The population share of the creative class as well as of bohemians and artists is relatively high in larger cities, but smaller places and rural regions may also have a considerable proportion of people with a creative job. While ethnical and cultural diversity and a high level of public supply in health care and education can explain the distribution of creative people, employment opportunities seem to play only a minor role. A high share of creative occupations seems to be conducive to regional growth; however, the exact nature of this relationship is still unclear.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21965.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Published in International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy 1-3.5(2009): pp. 7-23
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:21965

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Related research

Keywords: creativity; entrepreneurship; innovation; regional development;

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References

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  1. Wennekers, Sander & Thurik, Roy, 1999. " Linking Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 27-55, August.
  2. David B. Audretsch, 1995. "Innovation and Industry Evolution," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011468, December.
  3. Fritsch, Michael & Stuetzer, Michael, 2007. "Die Geographie der Kreativen Klasse in Deutschland
    [The Geography of the Creative Class in Germany]
    ," MPRA Paper 21963, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  5. Richard Florida & Zoltan Acs & Sam Youl Lee, 2004. "Creativity and Entrepreneurship: A Regional Analysis of New Firm Formation," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group 2004-17, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  6. Michael Fritsch, 2008. "How does new business formation affect regional development? Introduction to the special issue," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 1-14, January.
  7. Ron A. Boschma & Michael Fritsch, 2007. "Creative Class and Regional Growth - Empirical Evidence from Eight European Countries," Jena Economic Research Papers, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics 2007-066, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Joachim Möller & Annie Tubaji, 2008. "The Creative Class, Bohemians and Local Labor Market Performance - A Micro-data Panel Study for Germany 1975-2004," Working Papers, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies) 270, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).
  2. Michael Stuetzer & Martin Obschonka & Udo Brixy & Rolf Sternberg & Uwe Cantner, 2014. "Regional characteristics, opportunity perception and entrepreneurial activities," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 221-244, February.
  3. Andersson , Åke E. & Andersson , David E. & Daghbashyan, Zara & Hårsman, Björn, 2013. "Spatial Clustering Of Artists," INDEK Working Paper Series, Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology 2013/2, Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology.
  4. Sara Santos Cruz & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2013. "The neglected heterogeneity of spatial agglomeration and co-location patterns of creative employment: evidence from Portugal," FEP Working Papers, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto 508, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  5. Krauskopf, Thomas & Bünger, Björn & Langen, Martin, 2010. "Cultural infrastructure and regional economic well-being in Germany: Are we creative yet?," CAWM Discussion Papers, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster 30, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.
  6. Sara Santos Cruz & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2012. "Methodological approaches for measuring the creative employment: a critical appraisal with an application to Portugal," FEP Working Papers, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto 455, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  7. Christoph Alfken & Tom Broekel & Rolf Sternberg, 2013. "Factors explaining the spatial agglomeration of the Creative Class. Empirical evidence for German artists," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2013-02, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  8. Michael Fritsch & Michael Stützer, 2012. "The Geography of Creative People in Germany revisited," Jena Economic Research Papers, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics 2012-065, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  9. Thomas Krauskopf & Björn Bünger & Martin Langen, . "Cultural Infrastructure and Regional Economic Well-Being in Germany - Are we creative yet?," Working Papers, Institute of Spatial and Housing Economics, Munster Universitary 200101, Institute of Spatial and Housing Economics, Munster Universitary.
  10. Esubalew Tiruneh, 2014. "Regional Economic Development in Italy: Applying the Creative Class Thesis to a Test," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 19-36, March.

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