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Verbreitung, Ausmaß und Determinanten der übertariflichen Entlohnung


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  • Kohaut, Susanne
  • Schnabel, Claus


Repräsentative Daten des IAB-Betriebspanels für das Jahr 2002 zeigen, dass im privaten Sektor fast die Hälfte der westdeutschen, aber nicht einmal ein Fünftel der ostdeutschen Betriebe mit Tarifbindung über Tarif entlohnen. Das Ausmaß der übertariflichen Entlohnung in diesen Betrieben liegt in der Größenordnung von 10 Prozent. Verbreitung und Ausmaß der übertariflichen Bezahlung weisen im Zeitablauf eine rückläufige Tendenz auf. Theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Analysen deuten darauf hin, dass die geringen Differenzierungsmöglichkeiten des deutschen Systems relativ zentralisierter Tarifverhandlungen einen wichtigen Hintergrund der übertariflichen Entlohnung bilden. Auch die Struktur der Beschäftigten, der Stand der technischen Anlagen und (zumindest im Westen) die Größe eines Betriebes spielen eine Rolle. -- Representative data from the IAB Establishment Panel show that in 2002 almost one-half of western German firms but only one-fifth of eastern German firms in the private sector paid wages that were higher than the collective contract wages negotiated at the branch level. In these firms, the average wage gap was about 10 per cent. The number of such firms and the size of the wage gap have been falling in recent years. One important explanation for firms paying higher wages can be found in the German system of relatively centralized wage negotiations with its limited possibilities of differentiation. Other factors that play a role are the composition of a firm´s workforce, the state of its technical equipment and (at least in western Germany) the size of an establishment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 23.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:23

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Keywords: Lohn; übertarifliche Entlohnung; Tarifverträge;

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  1. Holden, S., 1989. "Wage Drift In Norway: A Bargaining Approach," Papers 438, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  2. Addison, John T. & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "German works councils in the production process," Discussion Papers 21, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  3. Addison, John T & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2001. "Work Councils in Germany: Their Effects on Establishment Performance," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(4), pages 659-94, October.
  4. Holmlund, B. & Skedinger, P., 1988. "Wage Bargaining And Wage Drift: Evidence From The Swedish Wood Industry," Papers 419, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  5. Addison, John T. & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2000. "Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone aus ökonomischer Sicht," Discussion Papers 1, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  6. Jahn, Elke J. & Wagner, Thomas, 2001. "Labour's law?," Discussion Papers 6, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  7. Goerke, Laszlo & Schnabel, Claus, 2002. "On strike insurance," Discussion Papers 12, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:38:i:2/3:p:181-196 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Jung, Sven & Schnabel, Claus, 2009. "Paying More than Necessary? The Wage Cushion in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 4278, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Holger Alda & Lutz Bellmann & Hermann Gartner, 2009. "Wage Structure and Labor Mobility in the West German Private Sector, 1993-2000," NBER Chapters, in: The Structure of Wages: An International Comparison, pages 261-313 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:44:i:1/2:p:163-172 is not listed on IDEAS


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