Paying More than Necessary? The Wage Cushion in Germany
AbstractUsing a representative establishment data set for Germany, we show that more than 40 percent of plants covered by collective agreements pay wages above the level stipulated in the agreement, which gives rise to a wage cushion between the levels of actual and contractual wages. Cross-sectional and fixed-effects estimations for the period 2001-2006 indicate that the wage cushion mainly varies with the profit situation of the plant and with indicators of labour shortage and the business cycle. While plants bound by multi-employer sectoral agreements seem to pay wage premiums in order to overcome the restrictions imposed by the rather centralized system of collective bargaining in Germany, plants which make use of single-employer agreements are significantly less likely to have wage cushions. -- Anhand von reprÃ¤sentativen Daten des IAB-Betriebs-panels zeigen wir, dass Ã¼ber 40 Prozent der tarifgebundenen Betriebe in Deutschland hÃ¶here LÃ¶hne als im Tarifvertrag festgelegt zahlen, was zu einer Lohnspanne (bzw. einem Lohnpuffer) zwischen Effektiv- und TariflÃ¶hnen fÃ¼hrt. Querschnitts- und Fixe-Effekte-SchÃ¤tzungen fÃ¼r den Zeitraum 2001-2006 deuten darauf hin, dass die Ã¼bertarifliche Entlohnung hauptsÃ¤chlich mit der Ertragslage des Betriebes und mit Indikatoren der ArbeitskrÃ¤fteknappheit und des Konjunkturzyklus variiert. WÃ¤hrend an FlÃ¤chentarifvertrÃ¤ge gebundene Betriebe Ã¼ber Tarif entlohnen dÃ¼rften, um BeschrÃ¤nkungen zu Ã¼berwinden, die ihnen durch das relativ zentrali-sierte Tarifverhandlungssystem in Deutschland auferlegt werden, weisen Betriebe mit FirmentarifvertrÃ¤gen wesentlich seltener eine Ã¼bertarifliche Entlohnung auf.
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Volume (Year): 25 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (06)
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- Jung, Sven & Schnabel, Claus, 2009. "Paying More than Necessary? The Wage Cushion in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 4278, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Jung, Sven & Schnabel, Claus, 2009. "Paying more than necessary? The wage cushion in Germany," Discussion Papers 63, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
- J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
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