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Betriebliche Determinanten des Überstundeneinsatzes

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  • Schank, Thorsten
  • Schnabel, Claus

Abstract

Auswertungen repräsentativer Daten des IAB-Betriebspanels für Westdeutschland von 1993 bis 1998 zeigen, dass nur zwischen 20 und 30 Prozent aller Betriebe bezahlte Überstunden einsetzten. In diesen Betrieben fielen im Durchschnitt 1,6 bezahlte Überstunden pro abhängig Beschäftigten und Woche an. Weniger als 7 Prozent der Betriebe griffen in jedem Jahr auf Überstunden zurück, wozu vor allem Großbetriebe zählten. Auch generell stieg der Anteil der Überstunden einsetzenden Betriebe mit der Betriebsgröße. Eine ökonometrische Analyse der betrieblichen Einflussfaktoren des Überstundeneinsatzes deutet darauf hin, dass Überstunden als Instrument zur vorübergehenden Anpassung an Nachfrageschwankungen eingesetzt werden. Existenz und Ausmaß von Überstunden hängen positiv vom Umsatz ab, und der Einsatz von Leiharbeitern variiert parallel zur Zahl der Überstunden. Ferner steigt die Wahrscheinlichkeit des Einsatzes von Überstunden mit der Quote gesuchter Arbeitskräfte und geht mit dem Anteil an Auszubildenden zurück. -- Representative Data of the IAB Establishment Panel show that from 1993 to 1998 between 20 and 30 percent of establishments in western Germany made use of paid overtime work, recording 1.6 overtime hours per employee and week on average. Fewer than 7 percent of establishments worked overtime every year, and these were often large firms. In general, the proportion of firms using overtime work rises with establishment size. An econometric analysis of the determinants of overtime work indicates that firms use overtime hours to react to fluctuations in demand. The incidence and the extent of overtime work depend positively on sales, and the employment of temporary agency workers varies parallel to overtime hours. The probability of overtime work also rises with a firms´ vacancy rate and falls with its share of apprentices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 24.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:24

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Related research

Keywords: Überstunden; Arbeitsnachfrage; Paneldaten;

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References

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  1. Simmons, R. & Schank, Thorsten & Andrews, Martyn J., 2004. "Does Worksharing Work? Some Empirical Evidence from the IAB Panel," Discussion Papers 25, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  2. Hart,Robert A., 2004. "The Economics of Overtime Working," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521801423, October.
  3. Jennifer Hunt, 1996. "Has Work-Sharing Worked in Germany?," NBER Working Papers 5724, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Addison, John T. & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2000. "Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone aus ökonomischer Sicht," Discussion Papers 1, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  5. Trejo, Stephen J, 1991. "The Effects of Overtime Pay Regulation on Worker Compensation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 719-40, September.
  6. Hart, Robert A., 1984. "Worksharing and factor prices," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 165-188, March.
  7. Goerke, Laszlo & Schnabel, Claus, 2002. "On strike insurance," Discussion Papers 12, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  8. Addison, John T. & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "German works councils in the production process," Discussion Papers 21, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  9. Hart, Robert A. & Hübler, Olaf & Bell, David N.F. & Schwerdt, Wolfgang, 2000. "Paid and Unpaid Overtime Working in Germany and the UK," IZA Discussion Papers 133, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Chamberlain, Gary, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 225-38, January.
  11. Jahn, Elke J. & Wagner, Thomas, 2001. "Labour's law?," Discussion Papers 6, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
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