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Identifying the Potential of Work-Sharing as a Job-Creation Strategy

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  • Mikal Skuterud

Abstract

Between 1997 and 2000, the Canadian province of Quebec reduced its standard workweek from 44 to 40 hours with the aim of stimulating employment growth. Unlike the European work-sharing policies examined elsewhere, the Quebec policy contained no suggestion or requirement that employers provide wage increases to compensate workers for lost hours. For this reason, among others, the Quebec policy provides a better test of the potential of work-sharing as a job-creation strategy. The evidence suggests that, despite a 20% reduction among full-time workers in weekly hours worked beyond 40, the policy failed to raise employment at either the provincial level or within industries where hours of work were affected relatively more.

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File URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/resolve?id=doi:10.1086/511379
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.

Volume (Year): 25 (2007)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 265-287

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:25:y:2007:p:265-287

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JOLE/

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Cited by:
  1. Kuroda, Sachiko & Yamamoto, Isamu, 2012. "Impact of overtime regulations on wages and work hours," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 249-262.
  2. Raposo, Pedro S. & van Ours, Jan C., 2010. "How working time reduction affects jobs and wages," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 61-63, January.
  3. Raposo, Pedro & van Ours, Jan C., 2008. "How Working Time Reduction Affects Employment and Earnings," IZA Discussion Papers 3723, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Stephen Donald, 2007. "The Time and Timing Costs of Market Work," NBER Working Papers 13127, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Andrews, Martyn J. & Gerner, Hans-Dieter & Schank, Thorsten & Upward, Richard, 2012. "More Hours, More Jobs? The Employment Effects of Longer Working Hours," IZA Discussion Papers 6652, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Pedro Raposo & Jan Ours, 2010. "How a Reduction of Standard Working Hours Affects Employment Dynamics," De Economist, Springer, vol. 158(2), pages 193-207, June.

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