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Trade union membership in Eastern and Western Germany: convergence or divergence?

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  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

An empirical analysis of various waves of the ALLBUS social survey shows that the level and the structure of unionization has become more and more similar in eastern and western Germany in the period 1992 to 2000. The originally high level of union density in eastern Germany has dropped below that of western Germany, and union membership has been falling steadily in both parts of the country since 1992. Repeated cross-sectional analyses indicate that the factors influencing individuals’ probability of union membership have converged over time between western and eastern Germany. After an assimilation period of about ten years the same set of variables can be used to explain unionization in postsocialist eastern Germany and in traditionally capitalist western Germany. -- Eine empirische Analyse mehrerer Wellen der ALLBUS-Befragung zeigt, dass sich Ausmaß und Struktur der gewerkschaftlichen Mitgliedschaft in Ost- und Westdeutschland von 1992 bis 2000 zunehmend angeglichen haben. Der ursprünglich hohe Organisationsgrad in den neuen Ländern ist unter das Niveau in den alten gefallen, und die Mitgliederzahlen gehen in beiden Landesteilen seit 1992 zurück. Wiederholte Querschnittsanalysen deuten darauf hin, dass die Einflussfaktoren der Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Mitgliedschaft im Zeitverlauf zwischen West- und Ostdeutschland konvergiert sind. Nach einer Annäherungsperiode von rund zehn Jahren können jetzt die selben Variablen verwendet werden, um die gewerkschaftliche Organisierung im post-sozialistischen Ostdeutschland und im traditionell kapitalistischen Westdeutschland zu erklären.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 18.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:18

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Keywords: Union membership; union density; Germany;

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References

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