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Determinants of Union Membership in 18 EU Countries : Evidence from Micro Data, 2002/03

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  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

Using representative individual-level data from the first round of the European Social Survey fielded in 2002/03, this paper provides an empirical analysis of unionization in 18 countries of the European Union. We show that union density varies considerably in Europe, ranging from 84 per cent in Denmark to 11 per cent in Portugal. Estimating identical models for each country, we find that individuals? probability of union membership is significantly affected by their personal characteristics, their attitudes and the characteristics of their workplace, whereas social factors seem to play a minor role. The presence of a union at the workplace and employees? attitudes concerning strong unions are the two variables with the most wide-spread effects on unionization. -- Unter Verwendung von repräsentativen Individualdaten aus der ersten Runde des 2002/03 durchgeführten European Social Survey liefert dieser Beitrag eine empirische Analyse der Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft in 18 Ländern der Europäischen Union. Wir zeigen, dass der gewerkschaftliche Organisationsgrad in Europa deutlich variiert, und zwar von 84 Prozent in Dänemark bis zu 11 Prozent in Portugal. Durch Schätzung gleicher Modelle für jedes Land finden wir heraus, dass die individuelle Wahrscheinlichkeit einer gewerkschaftlichen Mitgliedschaft signifikant von persönlichen Merkmalen, Einstellungen und Arbeitsplatzcharakteristiken abhängt, während soziale Faktoren eine geringe Rolle zu spielen scheinen. Die Anwesenheit einer Gewerkschaft am Arbeitsplatz und die Einstellungen der Beschäftigten zu starken Gewerkschaften sind die beiden Variablen, deren Auswirkungen auf die Mitgliedschaft am weitesten verbreiteten sind.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 31.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:31

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Keywords: Union membership; union density; Europe;

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References

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  1. Alex Bryson & Rafael Gomez & Morley Gunderson & Noah Meltz, 2002. "Youth-adult differences in the demand for unionization: are American, British and Canadian workers all that different?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 4956, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Bernhard Ebbinghaus & Jelle Visser, 1998. "When Institutions Matter: Union Growth and Decline in Western Europe, 1950-95," MZES Working Papers, MZES 30, MZES.
  3. Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "Trade Union Membership in Eastern and Western Germany: Convergence or Divergence?," IZA Discussion Papers 707, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  7. Corneo, Giacomo, 1995. "Social custom, management opposition, and trade union membership," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 275-292, February.
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  9. Daniele Checchi & Claudio Lucifora, 2002. "Unions and labour market institutions in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 361-408, October.
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  11. Daniele Checchi & Jelle Visser, 2002. "Pattern persistence in european trade union density," Departmental Working Papers, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano 2002-01, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  12. Naylor, Robin & Raaum, Oddbjorn, 1993. "The Open Shop Union, Wages, and Management Opposition," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(4), pages 589-604, October.
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  18. John H. Pencavel, 1971. "The demand for union services: An exercise," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 24(2), pages 180-190, January.
  19. Schnabel, Claus, 2002. "Determinants of trade union membership," Discussion Papers 15, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Laszlo Goerke & Markus Pannenberg, 2010. "Trade Union Membership and Dismissals," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 324, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2010. "From estimation results to stylized facts. Twelve recommendations for empirical research in international activities of heterogeneous firms," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 186, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  3. Blanchflower, David G., 2006. "A Cross-Country Study of Union Membership," IZA Discussion Papers 2016, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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