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Productivity, investment in ICT and market experimentation: micro evidence from Germany und the US

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  • Haltiwanger, John
  • Jarmin, Ron
  • Schank, Thorsten

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between the use of advanced technologies such as ICT, and outcomes such as productivity, the skill mix of the workforce and wages using micro data for the U.S. and Germany. We find support to the idea that U.S. businesses engage in experimentation in a variety of ways not matched by their German counterparts. In particular, there is greater experimentation amongst young U.S. businesses and also among those actively changing their technology. This is evidenced in a greater dispersion in productivity and related key business choices. We also find that the mean impact of adopting new technology on productivity and wages is greater the in U.S. than in Germany. -- Dieses Papier untersucht die Beziehung zwischen dem Einsatz neuer Technologien, wie von IKT, und betrieblichen Kenngrößen wie der Produktivität, der Qualifikationsstruktur und den Löhnen, wobei Mikrodaten für die USA und Deutschland verwendet wurden. Dabei kann die Hypothese unterstützt werden, dass in den USA Betriebe stärker experimentieren - gemessen anhand der Streuung der Produktivität und anderen betrieblichen Entscheidungsvariablen - als in Deutschland. Dies zeigt sich insbesondere bei jungen Betrieben und bei Betrieben, die ihre Technologie verändern. Wir finden ebenfalls einen größeren durchschnittlichen Einfluss der Einführung neuer Technologien auf die Produktivität und die Löhne in den USA als in Deutschland.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 19.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:19

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Keywords: ICT; Experimentation; Productivity; Internet Use; U.S.; Germany;

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References

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  1. Addison, John T. & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2000. "Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone aus ökonomischer Sicht," Discussion Papers 1, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  2. John Haltiwanger & Ron Jarmin & Thorsten Schank, 2003. "Productivity, Investment in ICT and Market Experimentation: Micro Evidence from Germany and the U.S," Working Papers 03-06, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  3. Kevin M Stolarick, 1999. "Are Some Firms Better at IT? Differing Relationships between Productivity and IT Spending," Working Papers 99-13, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  4. Timothy Dunne & John Haltiwanger & Lucia Foster, 2000. "Wage and Productivity Dispersion in U.S. Manufacturing: The Role of Computer Investment," NBER Working Papers 7465, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Ericson, Richard & Pakes, Ariel, 1995. "Markov-Perfect Industry Dynamics: A Framework for Empirical Work," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(1), pages 53-82, January.
  6. John M. Abowd & John Haltiwanger & Julia I. Lane & Kristin Sandusky, 2001. "Within and Between Firm Changes in Human Capital, Technology, and Productivity Preliminary and incomplete," Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics Technical Papers 2001-03, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  7. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Erik Brynjolfsson & Lorin M. Hitt, 1999. "Information Technology, Workplace Organization and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Eric Bartelsman & Stefano Scarpetta & Fabiano Schivardi, 2003. "Comparative Analysis of Firm Demographics and Survival: Micro-Level Evidence for the OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 348, OECD Publishing.
  9. Doms, Mark & Dunne, Timothy & Troske, Kenneth R, 1997. "Workers, Wages, and Technology," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(1), pages 253-90, February.
  10. Goerke, Laszlo & Schnabel, Claus, 2002. "On strike insurance," Discussion Papers 12, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  11. Ron S Jarmin & Javier Miranda, 2002. "The Longitudinal Business Database," Working Papers 02-17, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  12. Mark E. Doms & Ron S. Jarmin & Shawn D. Klimek, 2003. "IT investment and firm performance in U.S. retail trade," Working Paper Series 2003-19, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  13. Kevin M Stolarick, 1999. "IT Spending and Firm Productivity: Additional Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector," Working Papers 99-10, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
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