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Skill-biased technological change, international trade and the wage structure

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  • Kölling, Arnd
  • Schank, Thorsten

Abstract

During the last two decades, the labour demand structure in Germany has experienced a decrease in the demand for the low skilled. Possible explanations for this trend are investigated in this study for West Germany (1994- 1997) using a unique linked employer-employee panel data set for Germany. Estimation results of the conditional labour demand for three different skill types indicate that the major part of the skill structure is determined by wages, while we have found only minor impacts of a skill-biased technological change and of international trade. -- In den letzten beiden Jahrzehnten hat sich die Beschäftigtenstruktur in Deutschland zuungunsten der Un- und Angelernten entwickelt. Mögliche Ursachen für diesen Trend werden in der vorliegenden Studie auf der Basis eines neuen, aus Individual- und Betriebsdaten zusammengefügten Datensatzes, für West-Deutschland (1994-1997) untersucht. Schätzungen der bedingten Arbeitsnachfrage für drei verschiedene Qualifikationsgruppen zeigen, dass der größte Teil der Beschäftigtenstruktur von den Löhnen bestimmt wird, während nur geringe Einflüsse des technologischen Wandels und des internationalen Handels identifiziert werden.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 14.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:14

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Keywords: labour demand; substitution; skill-biased technological change; labour hoarding; international trade; linked employer-employee data;

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  1. Alan B. Krueger, 1991. "How Computers Have Changed the Wage Structure: Evidence From Microdata, 1984-1989," NBER Working Papers 3858, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. repec:iab:iabmit:v:35:i:4:p:506-522 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. John Addison & Lutz Bellmann & Thorsten Schank & Paulino Teixeira, 2008. "The Demand for Labor: An Analysis Using Matched Employer–Employee Data from the German LIAB. Will the High Unskilled Worker Own-Wage Elasticity Please Stand Up?," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 114-137, June.
  3. Carsten Ochsen, 2006. "Zukunft der Arbeit und Arbeit der Zukunft in Deutschland," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 7(2), pages 173-193, 05.
  4. Carsten Ochsen & Heinz Welsch, 2005. "Technology, trade, and income distribution in West Germany: A factor-share analysis, 1976-1994," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 321-345, November.
  5. Ljubica Nedelkoska & Simon Wiederhold, 2010. "Technology, outsourcing, and the demand for heterogeneous labor: Exploring the industry dimension," Jena Economic Research Papers 2010-052, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  6. Lurweg, Maren, 2010. "Perceived job insecurity, unemployment risk and international trade: A micro-level analysis of employees in German service industries," CAWM Discussion Papers 32, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.

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