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Betriebliche Ausbildung als kollektives Phänomen


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  • Niederalt, Michael
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    Das Ausbildungsgeschehen in Deutschland lässt sich als kollektive Handlung betrachten. Zur Überwindung des grundsätzlich vorliegenden Trittbrettfahrerproblems tragen Betriebe, die unabhängig von ihrem Fachkräftebedarf rentabel ausbilden können, einen maßgeblichen Anteil bei. Interdependenzen der Entscheidungen der Betriebe können darüber hinaus bewirken, dass sich nach dem Überschreiten einer `kritischen Masse´ durch einen "Schneeballeffekt" zunehmend Betriebe für die Ausbildung entscheiden und das Ausbildungsangebot in ein stabiles Gleichgewicht mündet. Unzureichende Flexibilität verhindert jedoch einen automatischen Ausgleich zwischen Angebot und Nachfrage, so dass in Zeiten der Unterversorgung von Jugendlichen staatliche Eingriffe gefordert werden. Mit Hilfe der vorliegenden Analyse lassen sich Auswirkungen von derartigen Eingriffen auf das Ergebnis am Ausbildungsmarkt untersuchen. -- Vocational training in Germany can be regarded as collective action. Firms that are able to train profitably regardless of their skill needs play an important role in overcoming the latent free-rider problem. After passing a `critical mass´, interdependent firms’ training decisions can furthermore induce a "snowball effect" with more and more firms participating in training, which results in a stable equilibrium of training supply. However, insufficient flexibility impedes an automatic balance between supply and demand, so that there are calls for government interventions in times when young people remain without apprenticeship places. The present analysis enables us to examine the implications of such interventions on the training market.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 20.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:20

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    Keywords: Betriebliche Ausbildung; social custom-Theorie; Theorie kollektiver Güter; Trittbrettfahrerproblem; Kritische Masse;

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    1. Thomas J. Kane & Dietmar Harhoff, 1997. "Is the German apprenticeship system a panacea for the U.S. labor market?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 171-196.
    2. Lisa M. Lynch, 1994. "Training and the Private Sector," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number lync94-1, October.
    3. Addison, John T. & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2000. "Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone aus ökonomischer Sicht," Discussion Papers 1, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    4. Goerke, Laszlo & Schnabel, Claus, 2002. "On strike insurance," Discussion Papers 12, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    5. Jahn, Elke J. & Wagner, Thomas, 2001. "Labour's law?," Discussion Papers 6, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
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