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Youth unemployment and employment policy: a global perspective

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  • O'Higgins, Niall

Abstract

This study discusses in depth the youth unemployment "problem" and examines the various policy responses to it, including education and training, and active labour market policy. It emphasizes the need for adequate labour market information, policy monitoring and programme evaluation to help provide more and better-quality jobs for young people - while also offering specific recommendations and guidelines for this age group in industrialized, transition and developing countries, While analysing the characteristics, causes and consequences of youth unemployment, the study explores the nature of the youth labour market and how it differs from the labour market for other workers. It looks at minimum wages, as well as the pivotal role of education and training systems. It also identifies vital ILO instruments concerned with young people and examines the broader international policy challenges faced by many countries around the world. In particular, it discusses the failure of many countries to integrate young people into good, quality employment. Active labour market policies, both successful and unsuccessful, are evaluated, and the book looks closely at policies promoting wage employment, self-employment and programmes aimed at disadvantaged young people. The book reveals how youth unemployment is first and foremost a consequence of poor macroeconomic performance and suggests ways in which countries can formulate coordinated youth employment policies according to the state of their economies. In contrast to prevalent approaches in the literature, it emphasizes the need to go beyond a purely supply-side response. The study includes strategies for involving governments, as well as employers' and workers' organizations, in tackling youth unemployment and providing alternatives.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 23698.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23698

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Keywords: youth unemployment; youth labour markets; vocaitonal education and training;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. L.Guarcello & M. Manacorda & F. Rosati & J. Fares & S.Lyon & C. Valdivia, 2005. "School-to-Work Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa: An overview," UCW Working Paper 15, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  2. Caroleo, Floro Ernesto & Pastore, Francesco, 2009. "Le cause del (l’in-)successo lavorativo dei giovani
    [The determinants of youth success in the labour market]
    ," MPRA Paper 14218, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Betcherman, Gordon & Olivas, Karina & Dar, Amit, 2004. "Impacts of active labor market programs : new evidence from evaluations with particular attention to developing and transition countries," Social Protection Discussion Papers 29142, The World Bank.
  4. O'Higgins, Niall, 2010. "Youth Labour Markets in Europe and Central Asia," IZA Discussion Papers 5094, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Floro Ernesto Caroleo & Francesco Pastore, 2001. "How fine targeted is ALMP to the youth long term unemployed in Italy?," CELPE Discussion Papers 62, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  6. Olga Demidova & Marcello Signorelli, 2010. "The Impact of Crises on Youth Unemployment of Russian Regions: An Empirical Analysis," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica 78/2010, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia, Finanza e Statistica.
  7. Cristiano Perugini & Marcello Signorelli, 2010. "Youth labour market performance in European regions," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 151-185, May.
  8. O'Higgins, Niall, 2012. "This Time It's Different? Youth Labour Markets During 'The Great Recession'," IZA Discussion Papers 6434, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Francesco Pastore & Izabela Marcinkowska, 2004. "The Gender Wage Gap Among Young People in Italy," CELPE Discussion Papers 82, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  10. Matsumoto, Makiko.0, 2006. "Report of the school-to-work transition survey in Kyrgyzstan," ILO Working Papers 397567, International Labour Organization.
  11. Chigunta, Francis & Schnurr, Jamie & James-Wilson, David & Torres, Veronica, 2005. "Being "real" about youth entrepreneurship in Eastern and Southern Africa : implications for adults, institutions and sector structures," ILO Working Papers 378652, International Labour Organization.
  12. Mangozho, Nicholas, 2003. "Current practices in labour market information systems development for human resources development planning in developed, developing and transition economies," ILO Working Papers 358160, International Labour Organization.
  13. Martin Godfrey, 2003. "Youth employment policy in developing and transition countries - preventionas well as cure," Social Protection Discussion Papers 27875, The World Bank.
  14. Kuddo, Arvo, 2009. "Employment services and active labor market programs in Eastern European and Central Asian countries," Social Protection Discussion Papers 51253, The World Bank.
  15. Floro Ernesto Caroleo & Francesco Pastore, 2002. "Training Policy for Youth Unemployed in a Sample of European Countries," CELPE Discussion Papers 68, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  16. Görlich, Dennis & Stepanok, Ignat & Al-Hussami, Fares, 2013. "Youth unemployment in Europe and the world: Causes, consequences and solutions," Kiel Policy Brief 59, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  17. repec:idb:brikps:54938 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. Freedman, David H, 2008. "Improving skills and productivity of disadvantaged youth," ILO Working Papers 413231, International Labour Organization.
  19. Wamuthenya, W.R., 2010. "To what extent can disparities in compositional and structural factors account for the gender gap in unemployment in the urban areas of Kenya?," ISS Working Papers - General Series 502, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
  20. Niall O’Higgins, 2004. "Recent Trends in Youth Labour Markets and Youth Employment Policy in Europe and Central Asia," CELPE Discussion Papers 85, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  21. Brewer, Laura, 2004. "Youth at risk : the role of skills development in facilitating the transition to work," ILO Working Papers 373389, International Labour Organization.
  22. Floro Ernesto Caroleo & Francesco Pastore, 2004. "La disoccupazione giovanile in Italia. La riforma dei sistemi d'istruzione e di formazione professionale come alternativa alla flessibilità numerica per accrescere l'occupabilità," CELPE Discussion Papers 83, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.

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