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Verbreitung und Bestimmungsgründe verschiedener Formen der Arbeitnehmerpartizipation in Industriebetrieben

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  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

Eine empirische Untersuchung mit einem großen Betriebsdatensatz macht deutlich, dass direkte Arbeitnehmerpartizipation in Form von Gruppenarbeit und regelmäßigen Mitarbeitergesprächen in mehr Industriebetrieben zu finden ist als repräsentative Partizipation durch Betriebsräte. Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone darf damit keinesfalls mit einer partizipationsfreien Zone gleichgesetzt werden. Eine ökonometrische Analyse der Bestimmungsgründe der einzelnen Partizipationsformen ergibt, dass die Existenz von Betriebsräten in erster Linie durch betriebliche Organisationsmerkmale, Beschäftigtenstrukturen und damit einher gehende Betriebsratsfunktionen erklärt werden kann, wohingegen die Determinanten direkter Partizipation weniger gut identifizierbar sind. Positive Zusammenhänge zeigen sich zwischen Mitarbeitergesprächen und Gruppenarbeit sowie zwischen Mitarbeitergesprächen und der Existenz eines Betriebsrates, während Gruppenarbeit in einem negativen Zusammenhang mit der Existenz eines Betriebsrates zu stehen scheint. -- An empirical analysis with a large set of establishment data makes clear that direct participation of employees in the form of teamworking and of active discussions with management can be found in more manufacturing firms than representative participation via works councils. This implies that the codetermination- free zone is not to be equated with an absence of participation. An econometric analysis of the determinants of these three forms of participation shows that works council existence is mainly explained by organisational features, the composition of the workforce and related works council functions whereas the determinants of direct participation can be less clearly identified. Positive relationships show up between active discussions and teamworking and between active discussions and works council existence, but teamworking seems to be negatively related to works council existence.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 5.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:5

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Related research

Keywords: Arbeitnehmerpartizipation; Betriebsverfassungsgesetz;

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References

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  1. Addison, John T & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 1996. "German Works Councils, Profits, and Innovation," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(4), pages 555-82.
  2. David Neumark & Peter Cappelli, 1999. "Do "High Performance" Work Practices Improve Establishment-Level Outcomes?," NBER Working Papers 7374, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Richard B. Freeman & Edward P. Lazear, 1995. "An Economic Analysis of Works Councils," NBER Chapters, in: Works Councils: Consultation, Representation, and Cooperation in Industrial Relations, pages 27-52 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Fitzroy, Felix R & Kraft, Kornelius, 1987. "Efficiency and Internal Organization: Works Councils in West German Firms," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 54(216), pages 493-504, November.
  5. Addison, John T & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2001. "Work Councils in Germany: Their Effects on Establishment Performance," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(4), pages 659-94, October.
  6. Heywood, John S & Hubler, Olaf & Jirjahn, Uwe, 1998. "Variable Payment Schemes and Industrial Relations: Evidence from Germany," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(2), pages 237-57.
  7. Addison, John T. & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2000. "Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone aus ökonomischer Sicht," Discussion Papers 1, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  8. Richard B. Freeman & Morris M. Kleiner & Cheri Ostroff, 2000. "The Anatomy of Employee Involvement and Its Effects on Firms and Workers," NBER Working Papers 8050, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Lutz Bellmann & Peter Ellguth, 2006. "Verbreitung von Betriebsräten und ihr Einfluss auf die betriebliche Weiterbildung," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 226(5), pages 487-504, September.

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