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Institutions and Performance in European Labour Markets: Taking a Fresh Look at Evidence

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  • Alfonso Arpaia
  • Gilles Mourre

Abstract

This paper presents a selective survey of the recent literature on labour market institutions and offers new empirical EU-based evidence on the impact of labour market reforms on employment and labour market adjustment. While the literature traditionally treats labour market institutions as exogenous, attention shifted recently towards understanding the underlying causes of specific institutional arrangements. As a consequence, the literature highlights the great importance of an efficient policy design exploiting these interactions wisely and identifies general principles for achieving an efficient policy design at both macro and micro levels. While empirical evidence does no show a major change in terms of intensity of labour market reform after the setting of the Economic and Monetary Union and the creation of the euro, the reforms aiming at strengthening the labour market attachment of vulnerable groups tend to have been successful both in raising their employment and increasing labour market adjustment.

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Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series Working Papers CEB with number 09-049.RS.

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Length: 37 p.
Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:09-049

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Keywords: labour market functioning; political economy; endogeneity; institutions; policy design;

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Cited by:
  1. Lehmann, Etienne & Lucifora, Claudio & Moriconi, Simone & Van der Linden, Bruno, 2014. "Beyond the Labour Income Tax Wedge: The Unemployment-Reducing Effect of Tax Progressivity," IZA Discussion Papers 8276, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Alfonso Arpaia & Nicola Curci, 2010. "EU labour market behaviour during the Great Recession," European Economy - Economic Papers 405, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  3. Jean-Claude Trichet, 2011. "Achieving maximum long-term growth," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 427-449.
  4. Tatsiramos, K. & Ours, J.C. van, 2012. "Labor Market Effects of Unemployment Insurance Design," Discussion Paper 2012-082, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  5. Andreas Sachs & Frauke Schleer, 2013. "Labour market performance in OECD countries: A comprehensive empirical modelling approach of institutional interdependencies," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 7, WWWforEurope.
  6. Dario JUDZIK & Hector SALA, 2013. "Productivity, deunionization and trade: Wage effects and labour share implications," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 152(2), pages 205-236, 06.
  7. European Commission, 2011. "Tax Reforms in EU Member States 2011: tax policy challenges for economic growth and fiscal sustainability," Taxation Papers 28, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  8. Lucifora, Claudio & Moriconi, Simone, 2012. "Political Instability and Labor Market Institutions," IZA Discussion Papers 6457, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Gill, Indermit & Koettl, Johannes & Packard, Truman, 2013. "Full Employment: A Distant Dream for Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 7663, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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