Insiders, Outsiders, and the Role of Local Enforcement in Forest Management: An Example from Tanzania
AbstractTypically both local villagers (“insiders”) and non-locals (“outsiders”) extract products from protected forests even though the activities are illegal. Our paper suggests that, depending on the relative ecological damage caused by each group, budget-constrained forest managers may be able to reduce total forest degradation by legalizing “insider” extraction in return for local villagers involvement in enforcement activities. We illustrate this through the development of a game-theoretic model that considers explicitly the interaction between the forest manager who can combine a limited enforcement budget with legalization of insider resource extraction and livelihood projects
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-12-07-efd.
Date of creation: 06 Jun 2012
Date of revision:
participatory forest management; local enforcement; Tanzania; charcoal production; non-timber forest products; bee keeping;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2012-06-25 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2012-06-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2012-06-25 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-PPM-2012-06-25 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
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