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Why do Russian Firms Use Fixed-Term and Agency Work Contracts?

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  • Larisa Smirnykh
  • Andreas Wörgötter

Abstract

This study looks into the use of fixed term contracts and agency work in Russia during and shortly after the crisis 2009-10 with the help of an enterprise survey. The results of variance analysis show that the use of fixed-term or agency work contracts is not uniform across sectors, size and skill requirements. Probit analysis reveals that the use of fixed term contracts also in-creases the likelihood of using agency work, but not the other way around. The increase of tem-porary and agency work contracts increases the turnover on the labour market and contributes to an increase in dualisation, but may also help to prevent a larger increase in unemployment during crisis periods. Pourquoi les entreprises russes utilisent les contrats de travail à durée déterminée et de l'Agence ? Cet article analyse, sur la base de données individuelles issues d?une enquête auprès des en-treprises, les principales caractéristiques de l?utilisation de contrats à durée déterminée et du tra-vail intérimaire en Russie pendant la crise 2009-10 et peu après cette période. Les résultats de l'analyse de la variance montrent que l'utilisation de ces contrats n'est pas uniforme et varie selon les secteurs, la taille de l?entreprise et les compétences requises. L?analyse par Probit révèle que l'utilisation de contrats à durée déterminée augmente également la probabilité de recours au tra-vail intérimaire, mais pas l?inverse. L'augmentation des contrats de travail temporaires et intéri-maires augmente la rotation de la main d?oeuvre sur le marché du travail et contribue à une aug-mentation du dualisme, mais elle peut aussi contribuer a contenir la hausse du chômage en pé-riode de crise.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 1014.

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Date of creation: 14 Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1014-en

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Keywords: employment level; turnover; labour contracts; Russia; labour demand; niveau de l'emploi; Russie; contrats de travail; demande de travail;

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