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The Own-Wage Elasticity of Labor Demand: A Meta-Regression Analysis

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  • Lichter, Andreas

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Peichl, Andreas

    ()
    (ZEW Mannheim)

  • Siegloch, Sebastian

    ()
    (University of Mannheim)

Abstract

Firms' labor demand responses to wage changes are of key interest in empirical research and policy analysis. However, despite extensive research, estimates of labor demand elasticities remain subject to considerable heterogeneity. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive meta-regression analysis to re-assess the empirical literature on labor demand elasticities. Building on 942 elasticity estimates from 105 different studies, we identify sources of variation in the absolute value of this elasticity. Heterogeneity due to the theoretical and empirical specification of the labor demand model, different datasets used or sectors and countries considered explains more than 80% of the variation in the estimates. We further find substantial evidence for the presence of publication selection bias, as estimates of the own-wage elasticity of labor demand are upwardly inflated.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7958.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
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Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7958

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Keywords: labor demand; wage elasticity; meta-analysis;

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