Organizational change, new information and communication technologies and the demand for labor in services
AbstractBetween 1993 and 1995, the majority of German firms in services introduced new organizational practices (OC), in particular total quality management systems, certified ISO 9000, lean administration, flatter hierarchies, delegation of authority and ICT-enabled organizational changes). This paper analyzes the impact of organizational change as well as the impact of the introduction of information and communication technology (ICT) on actual labor demand as well as on employment expectations. The focus of attention is also directed to potential endogeneity of OC using treatment effect models as well as multivariate probit models. The empirical results suggest that OC has a positive effect on actual employment growth given output and factor price changes. Furthermore, we find that organizational change has a positive impact on expected employment for all skill groups except for unskilled labor. New ICT and the share of training expenditures are primary forces behind OC. Finally, employment effects are robust to endogeneity of organizational change. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 01-25.
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
organizational change; ICT; skill structure;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
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