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Employment effects of innovation at the firm level

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  • Rottmann, Horst
  • Lachenmaier, Stefan

Abstract

This paper analyzes empirically the effects of innovation on employment at the firm level using a uniquely long panel dataset of German manufacturing firms. The overall effect of innovations on employment often remains unclear in theoretical contributions due to reverse effects. We distinguish between product and process innovations and additionally introduce different innovation categories. We find clearly positive effects for product and process innovations on employment growth with the effects for process innovations being slightly higher. For product innovations that involved patent applications we can identify an additional positive effect on employment. -- Dieser Aufsatz analysiert die Beschäftigungseffekte von Innovationen auf der Unternehmensebene. Bei der empirischen Analyse wird ein außergewöhnlich langer Paneldatensatz für das Verarbeitende Gewerbe in Deutschland verwendet. Aus theoretischer Sicht ist der Effekt von Innovationen auf die Beschäftigung im Unternehmen auf Grund von gegenläufigen Wirkungen unbestimmt. Wir unterscheiden nicht nur zwischen Produkt- und Prozessinnovationen, sondern berücksichtigen die Bedeutung der Innovationen. Sowohl für Produkt- als auch für Prozessinnovationen finden wir signifikant positive Beschäftigungseffekte, wobei dieser Effekt bei Prozessinnovationen sogar größer ausfällt. Für Produktinnovationen, die mit einer Patentanmeldung einhergehen, finden wir einen zusätzlichen positiven Effekt auf die Beschäftigung.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden (OTH) in its series OTH im Dialog: Weidener Diskussionspapiere with number 3.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hawdps:3

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Web page: http://www.oth-aw.de/

Related research

Keywords: employment; innovation; patent; firm size; panel data;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Martin Falk, 2012. "Quantile estimates of the impact of R&D intensity on firm performance," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 19-37, July.
  2. Matteo Bugamelli & Luigi Cannari & Francesca Lotti & Silvia Magri, 2012. "The innovation gap of Italy’s production system: roots and possible solutions," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 121, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  3. Klaus Abberger & Sascha O. Becker & Barbara Hofmann & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2007. "Mikrodaten im ifo Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung: Bestand, Verwendung, Zugang," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 44, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  4. Michaela Fuchs & Udo Brixy, 2011. "How important are plant and regional characteristics for employment dynamics? Plant-level evidence for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa10p243, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Bronwyn H. Hall & Francesca Lotti & Jacques Mairesse, 2007. "Employment, innovation, and productivity: Evidence from italian microdata," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 622, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  6. Jens Horbach, 2010. "The Impact of Innovation Activities on Employment in the Environmental Sector - Empirical Results for Germany at the firm Level," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 230(4), pages 403-419, August.
  7. Sascha Becker & Peter Egger, 2013. "Endogenous product versus process innovation and a firm’s propensity to export," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 329-354, February.
  8. Stefan Lachenmaier & Horst Rottmann, 2007. "Effects of Innovation on Employment: A Dynamic Panel Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 2015, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Klaus Abberger & Sascha Becker & Barbara Hofmann & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2007. "Mikrodaten im ifo Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Bestand, Verwendung und Zugang," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 27-42, June.
  10. Alex Coad & Rekha Rao, 2011. "The firm-level employment effects of innovations in high-tech US manufacturing industries," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 255-283, May.
  11. Lichter, Andreas & Peichl, Andreas & Siegloch, Sebastian, 2014. "The Own-Wage Elasticity of Labor Demand: A Meta-Regression Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 7958, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Sascha Becker & Peter Egger, 2009. "Beschäftigungseffekte von Produkt- und Prozessinnovationen bei Exporteuren und Nicht-Exporteuren," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer, vol. 3(2), pages 123-136, October.
  13. Volker Zimmermann, 2009. "The Impact of Innovation on Employment in Small and Medium Enterprises with Different Growth Rates," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 229(2-3), pages 313-326, June.
  14. Horbach, Jens & Rennings, Klaus, 2012. "Environmental innovation and employment dynamics in different technology fields: An analysis based on the German community innovation survey 2009," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-006, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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