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Understanding the Effects of Siblings on Child Mortality: Evidence from India

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  • Makepeace, Gerry

    ()
    (Cardiff University)

  • Pal, Sarmistha

    ()
    (University of Surrey)

Abstract

Given the intrinsically sequential nature of child birth, timing of a child’s birth has consequences not only for itself, but also for its older and younger siblings. The paper argues that prior and posterior spacing between consecutive siblings are thus important measures of intensity of sibling competition for limited parental resources. While the available estimates of child mortality tend to ignore the endogeneity of sibling composition, we use a correlated recursive model of prior and posterior spacing and child mortality to correct it. There is evidence that uncorrected estimates underestimate the effects of prior and posterior spacing on child mortality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2390.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2008, 21 (4), 877-902
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2390

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Keywords: endogeneity bias; birth spacing; sibling rivalry;

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  1. Kynch, Jocelyn & Sen, Amartya, 1983. "Indian Women: Well-Being and Survival," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(3-4), pages 363-80, September.
  2. Ashish Garg & Jonathan Morduch, 1998. "Sibling rivalry and the gender gap: Evidence from child health outcomes in Ghana," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 471-493.
  3. Michael J. Brien & Lee A. Lillard, 1994. "Education, Marriage, and First Conception in Malaysia," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(4), pages 1167-1204.
  4. Sandra E. Black & Paul G. Devereux & Kjell G. Salvanes, 2004. "The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Composition on Children's Education," NBER Working Papers 10720, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Parish, W.L. & Willis, R.J., 1992. "Daughters, Education, and Family Budgets: Taiwan Experiences," University of Chicago - Economics Research Center, Chicago - Economics Research Center 92-8, Chicago - Economics Research Center.
  6. Thomas, D. & Strauss, J., 1990. "Prices, Infrastructure, Household Charasteristics And Child Height," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 602, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  7. Panis, Constantijn W. A. & Lillard, Lee A., 1994. "Health inputs and child mortality: Malaysia," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 455-489.
  8. Lillard, L.A. & Willis, R.J., 1993. "Intergenerational Educational Mobility: Efects of Family and State in Malaysia," Papers, RAND - Labor and Population Program 93-38, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
  9. Butcher, Kristin F & Case, Anne, 1994. "The Effect of Sibling Sex Composition on Women's Education and Earnings," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 109(3), pages 531-63, August.
  10. Siân Curtis & Ian Diamond & John McDonald, 1993. "Birth interval and family effects on postneonatal mortality in Brazil," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 33-43, February.
  11. Behrman, Jere R & Pollak, Robert A & Taubman, Paul, 1982. "Parental Preferences and Provision for Progeny," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(1), pages 52-73, February.
  12. Anderson, Kathryn H, 1983. "The Determination of Fertility, Schooling, and Child Survival in Guatemala," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 24(3), pages 567-89, October.
  13. Maitra, Pushkar, 2004. "Parental bargaining, health inputs and child mortality in India," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 259-291, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Harounan Kazianga & Stefan Klonner, 2009. "The Intra-household Economics of Polygyny: Fertility and Child Mortality in Rural Mali," Economics Working Paper Series, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business 0902, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business.
  2. Pushkar Maitra & Sarmistha Pal, 2007. "Birth Spacing, Fertility Selection and Child Survival: Analysis using a Correlated Hazard Model," CEDI Discussion Paper Series, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University 07-09, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University.
  3. Bas van der Klaauw & Limin Wang, 2005. "Child Mortality In Rural India," Working Papers id:136, eSocialSciences.
  4. Pham, Thong Le & Kooreman, Peter & Koning, Ruud H. & Wiersma, Doede, 2011. "Gender Patterns in Vietnam's Child Mortality," IZA Discussion Papers 5741, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Jones, Kelly M., 2014. "Growing up together: Cohort composition and child investment," MPRA Paper 55182, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Yamamura, Eiji, 2012. "Effects of siblings and birth order on income redistribution preferences," MPRA Paper 38658, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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