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Measuring educational inequalities:A method and an application to Albania

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  • Nathalie Picard

    ()
    (THEMA, Université de Cergy-Pontoise, France and INED, Paris, France.)

  • François-Charles Wolff

    ()
    (LEN, Université de Nantes, BP 52231 Chemin de la Censive du Tertre, 44322 Nantes Cedex 3, France; CNAV and INED, Paris, France.)

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate whether educational inequalities stem rather from differences between families or within families. In a poor economy, schooling is costly for parents and education is likely to be unequally distributed among siblings. Drawing on discrete ordered choice models, we present a simple method to estimate the between and within components of both the explained and unexplained variances of education. For our empirical analysis, we use the LSMS survey conducted in 2002 in Albania. We explain about 40% of the total variance and find that inequalities in education are mainly due to differences between families. Differences within family are lower and far less easily explained.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2007-21.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2007-21

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Keywords: Education; intra-household inequality; random effects ordered Probit models; siblings;

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References

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  8. Eytan Sheshinski & Yoram Weiss, 1979. "Inequality Within and Between Families," NBER Working Papers 0405, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Antoine Bommier & Sylvie Lambert, 2004. "Human capital investments and family composition," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 193-196.
  10. Parish, W.L. & Willis, R.J., 1992. "Daughters, Education, and Family Budgets: Taiwan Experiences," University of Chicago - Economics Research Center, Chicago - Economics Research Center 92-8, Chicago - Economics Research Center.
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Cited by:
  1. Tien Manh Vu, 2012. "Are daughters always the losers in the chore war? Evidence using household and twin data from Vietnam," OSIPP Discussion Paper, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University 12E002, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
  2. Nathalie PICARD & François-Charles WOLFF, 2014. "Les inégalités intra-familiales d education en France," THEMA Working Papers 2014-04, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  3. Mussa, Richard, 2011. "Intrahousehold and interhousehold child nutrition inequality in Malawi," MPRA Paper 33498, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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