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Early Childbirth, Health Inputs and Child Mortality: Recent Evidence from Bangladesh

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Author Info

  • Pushkar Maitra

    (Department of Economics,Monash University,Clayton Campus, Australia)

  • Sarmistha Pal

    (Cardiff Business School, Colum Drive Cardiff, UK)

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between early childbearing, parental use of health inputs and child mortality in Bangladesh. In order to account for the potential endogeneity of the age at birth and use of health inputs, (hospital delivery and child vaccination) in the child mortality regression, we jointly estimate mother’s age at childbirth, hospital delivery, child vaccination and child mortality taking into account of unobserved mother level heterogeneity. There is evidence of significant self-selection in the use of health inputs especially among young mothers and that the failure to account for self- selection results in biased estimates. These estimates suggest that women having early childbirth tend to use health inputs differently from all other women. After correcting for this possible selectivity bias, the adverse effects of early childbirth turns out to be less pronounced while the favourable effects of use of health inputs on child survival still remains significant in our sample.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series HEW with number 0411004.

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Length: 50 pages
Date of creation: 19 Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwphe:0411004

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 50
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: Family formation; Adolescent childbearing; Hospital Delivery; Child vaccination; Child mortality; Unobserved Heterogeneity; Correlated estimates.;

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References

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  9. Maitra, Pushkar, 2004. "Parental bargaining, health inputs and child mortality in India," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 259-291, March.
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  13. Pushkar Maitra & Sarmistha Pal, 2004. "Birth Spacing and Child Survival: Comparative Evidence from India and Pakistan," Labor and Demography 0403023, EconWPA.
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  16. Rosenzweig, Mark R, 1986. "Birth Spacing and Sibling Inequality: Asymmetric Information within the Family," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 27(1), pages 55-76, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Pushkar Maitra & Sarmistha Pal, 2005. "Birth Spacing and Child Survival: Comparative Evidence from India and Pakistan," Labor and Demography 0509010, EconWPA.
  2. Sadique, M. Z. & Asadullah, M. N., 2006. "Identifying the effect of public health program on child immunisation in rural Bangladesh," Working Papers 06/06, Department of Economics, City University London.

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