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Birth Spacing and Child Survival: Comparative Evidence from India and Pakistan

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Author Info

  • Pushkar Maitra

    (Monash University, Australia)

  • Sarmistha Pal

    (Cardiff Business School, UK)

Abstract

This paper examines the two-way relationship between birth interval and child survival and compares the behaviour of households in the Indian and Pakistani provinces of Punjab. Birth interval and child survival are modelled here as correlated hazard processes, allowing for mother- specific unobserved heterogeneity. We find evidence of significant mutual dependence between birth interval and child survival in both samples. There are also significant differences between Indian and Pakistani households. Part of the difference in behaviour could be explained by differences in female literacy, which in turn highlight the differences in religion and state policies in these two neighbouring states.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/lab/papers/0403/0403023.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Labor and Demography with number 0403023.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 12 Mar 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0403023

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 40
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: Birth spacing; Child survival; Sibling inequality; Son preference; Role of Religion and State; Correlated hazards models; India; Pakistan.;

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  8. Pushkar Maitra & Sarmistha Pal, 2007. "Early Childbirth, Health Inputs and Child Mortality: Recent Evidence from Bangladesh," CEDI Discussion Paper Series 07-05, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University.
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  14. Shireen J. Jejeebhoy & Zeba A. Sathar, 2001. "Women's Autonomy in India and Pakistan: The Influence of Religion and Region," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 27(4), pages 687-712.
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  17. Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2001. "The Effect of Education on the Timing of Marriage and First Birth in Pakistan," ASARC Working Papers 2001-04, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pushkar Maitra & Sarmistha Pal, 2004. "Early Childbirth, Health Inputs and Child Mortality: Recent Evidence from Bangladesh," HEW 0411004, EconWPA.
  2. Bhalotra, Sonia R. & van Soest, Arthur, 2006. "Birth Spacing, Fertility and Neonatal Mortality in India: Dynamics, Frailty and Fecundity," IZA Discussion Papers 2163, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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