Birth Spacing, Fertility Selection and Child Survival: Analysis Using a Correlated Hazard Model
AbstractIf fertility reflects the choice of households, results of their choice (duration between successive births and health of the children) cannot be considered to be randomly determined. While most existing studies of child health tend to overlook the effects of fertility selection on child health, this paper argues that not accounting for this selection issue yields biased estimates. Additionally it is difficult to a priori predict the direction of this bias, thereby over or under estimating the effect of spacing on child survival. We find that the estimates of birth spacing on child mortality are different when we do not account for fertility selection. Additionally the correlated hazard estimates that we present here better fit our samples than the corresponding bivariate probit estimates used in the literature. A comparison of the fertility behaviour of households in the Indian and Pakistani Punjab highlights the differential nature of institutions on demographic transition in these neighbouring regions.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2878.
Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Health Economics, 2008, 27 (3), 690-705
Contact details of provider:
Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 3894 223
Fax: +49 228 3894 180
Web page: http://www.iza.org
Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Other versions of this item:
- Maitra, Pushkar & Pal, Sarmistha, 2008. "Birth spacing, fertility selection and child survival: Analysis using a correlated hazard model," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 690-705, May.
- Pushkar Maitra & Sarmistha Pal, 2007. "Birth Spacing, Fertility Selection and Child Survival: Analysis using a Correlated Hazard Model," CEDI Discussion Paper Series, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University 07-09, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University.
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
- C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
- C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-07-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2007-07-07 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2007-07-07 (Health Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lee, Lung-fei & Rosenzweig, Mark R. & Pitt, Mark M., 1997. "The effects of improved nutrition, sanitation, and water quality on child health in high-mortality populations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 209-235, March.
- Lillard, Lee A., 1993. "Simultaneous equations for hazards : Marriage duration and fertility timing," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 56(1-2), pages 189-217, March.
- Paul Schultz, T., 2002. "Why Governments Should Invest More to Educate Girls," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 207-225, February.
- Mark M. Pitt, 1997. "Estimating the Determinants of Child Health When Fertility and Mortality Are Selective," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 32(1), pages 129-158.
- Makepeace, Gerry & Pal, Sarmistha, 2006.
"Understanding the Effects of Siblings on Child Mortality: Evidence from India,"
IZA Discussion Papers
2390, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Gerald Makepeace & Sarmistha Pal, 2008. "Understanding the effects of siblings on child mortality: evidence from India," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 877-902, October.
- Gerald Makepeace & Sarmistha Pal, 2005. "Understanding the Effects of Siblings on Child Mortality: Evidence from India," HEW, EconWPA 0509010, EconWPA.
- Gerald Makepeace & Sarmistha Pal, 2006. "Understanding the Effects of Siblings on Child Mortality: Evidence from India," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University 06-24, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
- Ashish Garg & Jonathan Morduch, 1998. "Sibling rivalry and the gender gap: Evidence from child health outcomes in Ghana," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 471-493.
- Lillard, L.A. & Panis, C.W.A., 1993.
"Health Inputs and Child Mortality: Malaysia,"
Papers, RAND - Labor and Population Program
93-03, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
- Pitt, Mark M. & Rosenzweig, Mark R., 1989.
"The Selectivity of Fertility and the Determinants of Human Capital Investments: Parametric and Semi-Parametric Estimates,"
Bulletins, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center
7511, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center.
- Pitt, M.M. & Rosenzwieg, M.R., 1990. "The Sselectivity Of Fertility And The Determinants Of Human Capital Investments: Parametric And Semiparametric Estimates," Papers, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement 72, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
- Jonathan Morduch, 2000. "Sibling Rivalry in Africa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 405-409, May.
- Lillard, L.A. & Brien, M.J., 1993.
"Education, Marriage and First Conception in Malaysia,"
Papers, RAND - Labor and Population Program
93-16, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
- Michael J. Brien & Lee A. Lillard, 1994. "Education, Marriage, and First Conception in Malaysia," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(4), pages 1167-1204.
- Anrudh Jain & T. Hsu & Ronald Freedman & M. Chang, 1970. "Demographic aspects of lactation and postpartum amenorrhea," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 255-271, May.
- repec:fth:minnde:89-9 is not listed on IDEAS
- Lay, Jann & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie, 2009. "The complementarity of MDG achievements : the case of child mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5062, The World Bank.
- Bas van der Klaauw & Limin Wang, 2005.
"Child Mortality In Rural India,"
- Mauricio Reis, 2014. "Public primary health care and children’s health in Brazil: evidence from siblings," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 421-445, April.
- Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2011. "Examining the influence of access to improved water and sanitation sources on countries’ economic efficiency," MPRA Paper 30099, University Library of Munich, Germany.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mark Fallak).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.