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Capital Charges under Basel II: Corporate Credit Risk Modelling and the Macro Economy

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Author Info

  • Carling, Kenneth

    (Högskolan Dalarna, Borlänge)

  • Jacobson, Tor

    ()
    (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

  • Lindé, Jesper

    ()
    (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

  • Roszbach, Kasper

    ()
    (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract

The Internal Ratings Based (IRB) approach for capital determination is one of the cornerstones in the proposed revision of the Basel Committee rules for bank regulation. We evaluate the IRB approach using historical business loan portfolio data from a major Swedish bank for the period 1994 to 2000. First, we estimate a duration model that takes into account both company, loan related and macroeconomic variables. Next, we obtain a Value-at-Risktype (VaR) credit risk measure, by model-based simulations. Moreover, we study how both the bank’s credit risk and bu.er capital changes over time (had the bank been subject to the proposed rules). This approach allows us to (i) make individual forecasts of default risk conditional on company, loan and macro variables, (ii) study portfolio credit risk over time, (iii) assess to what extent the new Accord will achieve its main objective of increasing credit risk sensitivity in minimal capital charges, and (iv) compare current capital requirements to those under the proposed system. Our results show that macro conditions have great explanatory power in predicting default risk and calculating credit risk. The IRB approach, although sensitive to the choice of some horizon parameters, is an achievement in the intended direction.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden) in its series Working Paper Series with number 142.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in Journal of Banking and Finance.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0142

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Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: 08 - 787 00 00
Fax: 08-21 05 31
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Web page: http://www.riksbank.com/
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Keywords: Internal Ratings Based approach; relative risk weights; Value-at-Risk; credit risk models;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ines Drumond, 2009. "Bank Capital Requirements, Business Cycle Fluctuations And The Basel Accords: A Synthesis," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(5), pages 798-830, December.
  2. Mark Illing & Graydon Paulin, 2004. "The New Basel Capital Accord and the Cyclical Behaviour of Bank Capital," Working Papers, Bank of Canada 04-30, Bank of Canada.
  3. Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & André Monteiro, 2005. "The Multi-State Latent Factor Intensity Model for Credit Rating Transitions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 05-071/4, Tinbergen Institute, revised 04 Jul 2005.
  4. Siem Jan Koopman & Roman Kraeussl & Andre Lucas & Andre Monteiro, 2006. "Credit Cycles and Macro Fundamentals," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 06-023/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  5. Bonfim, Diana, 2009. "Credit risk drivers: Evaluating the contribution of firm level information and of macroeconomic dynamics," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 281-299, February.
  6. Claudia Miani & Giulio Nicoletti & Alessandro Notarpietro & Massimiliano Pisani, 2012. "Banks’ balance sheets and the macroeconomy in the Bank of Italy Quarterly Model," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 135, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  7. Jacobson, Tor & Lindé, Jesper & Roszbach, Kasper, 2003. "Internal Ratings Systems, Implied Credit Risk and the Consistency of Banks’ Risk Classification Policies," Working Paper Series, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden) 155, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  8. Borio, Claudio & Zhu, Haibin, 2012. "Capital regulation, risk-taking and monetary policy: A missing link in the transmission mechanism?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 236-251.
  9. Jacobson, Tor & Lindé, Jesper & Roszbach, Kasper, 2004. "Credit Risk versus Capital Requirements under Basel II: Are SME Loans and Retail Credit Really Different?," Working Paper Series, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden) 162, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  10. Carling, Kenneth & Lundberg, Sofia, 2005. "Asymmetric information and distance: an empirical assessment of geographical credit rationing," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 39-59.
  11. Carling , Kenneth & Lundberg, Sofia, 2002. "Bank Lending, Geographical Distance, and Credit risk: An Empirical Assessment of the Church Tower Principle," Working Paper Series, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden) 144, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  12. Dietske Simons & Ferdinand Rolwes, 2009. "Macroeconomic efault Modeling and Stress Testing," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 5(3), pages 177-204, September.

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