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Seasonality and equilibrium business cycle theories

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  • R. Anton Braun
  • Charles L. Evans

Abstract

Barksy-Miron [1989] find that the postwar U.S. economy exhibits a regular seasonal cycle, as well as the business cycle phenomenon. Are these findings consistent with current equilibrium business cycle theories as surveyed by Prescott [1986]? We consider a dynamic, stochastic equilibrium business cycle model which includes deterministic seasonals and nontime-separable preferences. We show how to compute a perfect foresight seasonal equilibrium path for this economy. An approximation to the stochastic equilibrium is calculated. Using postwar U.S. data, GMM estimates of the structural parameters are employed in the perfect foresight and simulation analyses. As in Constantinides and Ferson [1990], the estimates of consumption preferences exhibit habit-persistence, but a local optimum also exists which exhibits local durability. ; The nontime-separable model predicts most of the seasonal patterns found in aggregate quantity time series; notable exceptions are the seasonal patterns in investment and the fourth quarter seasonal in labor hours. An evaluation of the model’s predictions for deseasonalized second moments finds strong support for the parameterization with local durability in consumption. This model broadly displays a seasonal cycle as well as the business cycle phenomenon.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis in its series Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics with number 45.

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Date of creation: 1991
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedmem:45

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Keywords: Business cycles;

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References

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  1. Kevin M. Murphy & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1989. "Building Blocks of Market Clearing Business Cycle Models," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1989, Volume 4, pages 247-302 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Ghysels, E., 1990. "On the Economic and Econometrics of Seasonality," Cahiers de recherche 9028, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  3. Ghysels, Eric & Lee, Hahn S. & Noh, Jaesum, 1994. "Testing for unit roots in seasonal time series : Some theoretical extensions and a Monte Carlo investigation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 415-442, June.
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  9. R. Anton Braun & Charles L. Evans, 1991. "Seasonality and equilibrium business cycle theories," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-23, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
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  33. Gallant, A. Ronald & Hansen, Lars Peter & Tauchen, George, 1990. "Using conditional moments of asset payoffs to infer the volatility of intertemporal marginal rates of substitution," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1-2), pages 141-179.
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