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Economic insecurity and fertility intentions: the case of Italy

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  • Francesca Modena

    ()
    (University of Trento)

  • Concetta Rondinelli

    ()
    (Bank of Italy)

  • Fabio Sabatini

    ()
    (Sapienza University of Rome)

Abstract

Starting from the assumption that economic insecurity is a key factor behind childbearing decisions, we empirically assess how fertility intentions are affected by job instability, which may severely compromise the employment status of workers, and economic isadvantages in terms of household income and wealth. We show that the instability of women’s work status (i.e. the holding of occasional and precarious jobs) ignificantly postpones maternity decisions for medium/high level income households; the chances of further childbirth are ignificantly and negatively affected by household income insecurity. Finally, low levels of household wealth influence the decision of having a first child.

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Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 931.

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Date of creation: Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_931_13

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Keywords: economic insecurity; income; wealth; fertility; childbearing; employment instability; precarious employment; Italy.;

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