The Impact Of Institutions On Motherhood And Work
AbstractIn this paper, we aim to explore the impact of social policies and labour market characteristics on women’s decisions regarding working and having children, using data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). We estimate the two decisions jointly, including in the analysis, beyond personal characteristics, variables related to the child care system, parental leave arrangements, and labour market flexibility. Our empirical results show that a non-negligible portion of the differences in participation and fertility rates for women from different European countries can be attributed to the characteristics of these institutions. Child care availability increases the likelihood of women‘s employment while the effect of part-time differs according to its characteristics and for women with different levels of education. Finally, the generosity of parental leave schemes positively and significantly affects the likelihood of having a child, especially for women with lower education.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY in its series CHILD Working Papers with number wp06_07.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision:
Employment; Fertility; Child Care; Parental Leave;
Other versions of this item:
- Del Boca Daniela & Pasqua Silvia & Pronzato Chiara, 2006. "The Impact of Institutions on Motherhood and Work," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 200608, University of Turin.
- J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
- C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
- D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
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